Share this entry

Share this page

triterpene

Line breaks: tri|ter¦pene
Pronunciation: /trʌɪˈtəːpiːn
 
/

Definition of triterpene in English:

noun

Chemistry
Any of a group of terpenes found in plant gums and resins, having unsaturated molecules based on a unit with the formula C30H48.
Example sentences
  • The leaves of the plant contain alkaloids, glycosides, triterpenes, tannins, volatile bases and probably other substances.
  • Cucurbitacins are oxygenated tetracyclic triterpenes that have been shown to have emetic, antineoplastic, and cytotoxic effects on herbivores, resulting in feeding and oviposition deterrence and reduced growth of consumers.
  • Terpenoids are classified according to the number of isoprene units they contain: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetraterpenes and polyterpenes.

Derivatives

triterpenoid

1
adjective& noun
Example sentences
  • White, red, and tree peony contain glycosides (most notably paeoniflorin), flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, tannins, terpenoids, triterpenoids, and complex polysaccharides that may all contribute to its medicinal effects.
  • Indeed, triterpenoid saponins with an acyl side chain have been shown to increase membrane permeability of endothelial cells, whereas those lacking the side chain did not.
  • Structurally, avicins are part of a greater family of molecules called triterpenoid saponins.

Definition of triterpene in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day snarf
Pronunciation: snɑːf
verb
eat or drink quickly or greedily