Definition of trophic in English:

trophic

Line breaks: troph¦ic
Pronunciation: /ˈtrəʊfɪk
 
, ˈtrɒfɪk
 
/

adjective

  • 1 Ecology Relating to feeding and nutrition.
    More example sentences
    • We also combined taxa into four functional groups based on known trophic positions and feeding preferences: primary producers, herbivores, bacterivores, or predators.
    • The hypothesis that all sampled species form a homogeneous trophic group feeding, ‘on average,’ on the same food sources also was rejected.
    • The direct effects of plant quality on omnivores is, therefore, likely to induce a trophic cascade whereby plant feeding by the omnivore ultimately benefits the plant.
  • 2 (also tropic) Physiology (Of a hormone or its effect) stimulating the activity of another endocrine gland.
    More example sentences
    • The trophic hormones act to stimulate secretion of hormone from the target gland and to maintain its function and, if present in high concentrations, will cause the gland to enlarge.
    • Furthermore, medical treatments for endometriosis act in a variety of ways to abolish the trophic effect of oestradiol on both the eutopic and ectopic endometrium.
    • A highly conserved feature is that the cells of all glands respond to their respective, regulatory tropic hormone with an increase in cyclic nucleotide.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek trophikos, from trophē 'nourishment', from trephein 'nourish'.

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