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truncate

Line breaks: trun|cate

Definition of truncate in English:

verb

Pronunciation: /trʌŋˈkeɪt
 
, ˈtrʌŋ-/
[with object]
1 (often as adjective truncated) Shorten (something) by cutting off the top or the end: a truncated cone shape discussion was truncated by the arrival of tea
More example sentences
  • Now, that is, at best, an abbreviated and truncated version of what had occurred, is it not?
  • Both her parents had had interrupted childhoods, and truncated educations, and were determined their children should not suffer the same fate.
  • What happened, though, was that the debate ran eight minutes long, so all of the ensuing commentary was truncated.
Synonyms
2 Crystallography Replace (an edge or an angle) by a plane, typically so as to make equal angles with the adjacent faces.
Example sentences
  • Internally, grains commonly show concentric compositional zonation, which is truncated at broken grain edges.
  • Rather, the quartz crystals are cleanly truncated at the contacts, or they wrap themselves around the pyrites.
  • The thickness of (100) and (200) sectors in truncated single crystals of linear polyethylene grown from dilute n-octane solution at 95 °C was measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in tapping mode.

adjective

Pronunciation: /ˈtrʌŋkeɪt
 
/
Botany & Zoology Back to top  
(Of a leaf, feather, or other part) ending abruptly as if cut off across the base or tip.
Example sentences
  • The ends are usually acute or obtuse, but sometimes also fish tail-like, truncate or vague.
  • Convex, anteriorly truncate glabella tapers forward and is outlined by broad, shallow axial and preglabellar furrows.
  • The cell is oval with a truncate apical region, from which the flagella and haptonema originate.

Origin

late 15th century (earlier ( Middle English) as truncation): from Latin truncat- 'maimed', from the verb truncare.

More
  • trunk from (Late Middle English):

    Trunk comes via Old French from Latin truncus ‘the main stem of a tree’. The word has branched out in several directions. The meaning ‘a tree's main stem’ is behind the sense ‘the human body’ and others with the notion of a central connection, such as trunk road. The ‘chest, box’ meaning arose because early trunks were made out of tree trunks. The circular shape of a tree trunk prompted another branch referring to cylindrical hollow objects, including, in the 16th century, the elephant's trunk. In the 16th and early 17th centuries men wore trunk-hose, full breeches extending to the upper thighs and sometimes padded, worn over tights. The style went out of fashion, but in the theatre actors wore short light breeches over tights, which they called trunks. In late 19th-century America men's shorts for swimming or boxing took over the name. Truncheon (Middle English) comes from the same root. In early use this referred to a piece broken off from, for example, a spear and was also a word for a cudgel. The word came to refer to a staff carried as a symbol of office from the late 16th century and eventually (late 19th century) to a short club carried by a police officer. Truncate (Late Middle English) is unconnected, being from Latin truncare ‘maim’.

Derivatives

truncation

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
noun
Example sentences
  • But then the papers were summaries, they were truncations, densely-packed contextualisers that served little purpose other than to inspire questions.
  • The Chinese and English versions are truncations with a significant number of lines being omitted.
  • Different R5 sequences at the 5’ junctions correspond to truncations of the element with the top sequence in corresponding to a full-length element.

Definition of truncate in:

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