A root or other underground plant part formerly eaten by North American Indians, in particular:
- The starchy rhizome of an arum that grows chiefly in marshland (Peltandra virginica, family Araceae). The underground sclerotium of a bracket fungus (Poria cocos, class Hymenomycetes).
- Generally, one formula includes 40 to 50 types of herbal medicine, such as ginseng, tuckahoe, honey, medlar and tuber of multiflower knotweed.
- These true mycorrhizae include such macro-fungi as the toadstools and the hypogeous truffles and tuckahoes.
- Its native range, eastern Texas to Florida and northward to the Great Lakes and southern Maine, appears expanding as populations of tuckahoes have been discovered in Minnesota, Kansas, Iowa, and southeastern Canada.
Early 17th century: from Virginia Algonquian tockawhoughe.
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