Definition of tun in English:

tun

Line breaks: tun
Pronunciation: /tʌn
 
/

noun

  • 1A large beer or wine cask.
    More example sentences
    • In 1347 he sold 3 tuns of wine to the King's Butler; while in 1349 he exported cloth.
    • He gave the order for a tun of the local wine to be delivered by packman to the Earl's castle in late summer.
    • As for size, the tonnage of ships in this period was reckoned literally in terms of capacity to carry tuns, or casks, of wine.
  • 1.1A brewer’s fermenting vat.
    More example sentences
    • The mixture goes through a series of vast tuns until it reaches the small oddly-shaped stills, which the family-run distillery retains to ensure consistency of the whisky.
    • The grain-water mixture will now be heated up and pumped to the lauter tun.
  • 2An imperial measure of capacity, equal to 4 hogsheads.
    More example sentences
    • The tun itself came to mean a specific size equal to four hogsheads or about 208 gallons.
  • 3 (also tun shell) A large marine mollusc which has a rounded barrel-like shell with broad spirals.
    • Family Tonnidae, class Gastropoda
    More example sentences
    • Most tun shells can be found living in sand, in the tropics beyond the edge of the coral reef.
    • Tiny periwinkles, found in profusion in intertidal areas, are gastropods; as are giant tun shells from the deep waters and the quiet limpets who cling to rocks at low tide.
    • These tun shells have a large rounded body and are very lightweight for their size.

verb (tuns, tunning, tunned)

[with object] archaic Back to top  
  • Store (wine or other alcoholic drinks) in a tun.

Origin

Old English tunne, from medieval Latin tunna, probably of Gaulish origin.

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