Definition of turpentine in English:

turpentine

Line breaks: tur¦pen|tine
Pronunciation: /ˈtəːp(ə)ntʌɪn
 
/

noun

  • 1 (also oil of turpentine) [mass noun] A volatile pungent oil distilled from gum turpentine or pine wood, used in mixing paints and varnishes and in liniment.
    More example sentences
    • When drilling in glass, always use oil of turpentine with a little camphor to lubricate the wire-drill.
    • To perform this experiment a little oil of turpentine was placed at the bottom of a glass tube surrounded with boiling liquid air.
    • They'll sniff, claw, sample or rub aromatic wood - such as cedar or pine - and petroleum products - such as tarpaper, paint, turpentine, kerosene and charcoal lighting fluid.
  • 1.1 (also crude turpentine or gum turpentine) An oleoresin secreted by certain trees, especially pines, and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine.
    More example sentences
    • Basically cleaning oiled wood requires you blend: 1 pint boiled linseed oil, 1 pint gum turpentine, and 6 oz. distilled white vinegar.
    • Using melted beeswax and gum turpentine, Green brings his paint to a buttery consistency and applies it with a squeegee.
  • 2 (also turpentine tree) Any of a number of trees which yield turpentine or a similar resin, in particular:
    • a coniferous tree of the pine family (Larix, Pinus, and other genera, family Pinaceae).the terebinth.
    More example sentences
    • Found in hot, dry places and translated under various names, the turpentine tree produces an oil resin with commercial value.
    • The area is famous for its turpentine trees, the sap of which is used in candy making, and the leaf in making tea.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
  • Apply turpentine to: antique turpentining equipment
    More example sentences
    • These old sentinels have witnessed droughts, hurricanes, logging, turpentining, and development across the river.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French ter(e)bentine, from Latin ter(e)binthina (resina) '(resin) of the turpentine tree', from terebinthus (see terebinth).

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