A member of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the Islamic world from ad 660 (or 661) to 750 and Moorish Spain 756–1031. The dynasty claimed descent from Umayya, a distant relative of Muhammad.
- Later Muslim historians accused the Umayyads of transforming the Islamic state into an Arab kingdom.
- Honest and pious Muslims opposed to Umayyads usurping power were severely persecuted.
- The one surviving member of the Umayyads fled to Spain where he continued to claim to be caliph at Cordoba.
Relating to the Umayyad dynasty.
- The example of Caliph Abdul Aziz from Umayyad dynasty is well known.
- The Zaydis favored Zayd ibn Ali, grandson of Husayn, as fifth imam due to his activist revolutionary position against the Umayyad dynasty.
- The black, white and green bands represent the Arab Abbasid, Umayyad and Fatimid dynasties respectively, while the crimson triangle joining the bands represents the Hashemite dynasty.
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