Definition of urnfield in English:
A prehistoric cemetery of the European late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, in which cremated remains were placed in pottery vessels (cinerary urns) and buried.
- The appearance of urnfields marks a major transition in burial rites from the previous predominance of inhumations, often under round barrows, to a predominance of cremations.
- The origins of their culture can be traced back to the Bronze Age of the upper Danube in the 13th century BC, with successive stages represented by the urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.
- At the urnfield excavated at Kimpton, Hants, two pyres have been identified.
adjectiveBack to top
(often Urnfield) Relating to or denoting a people or culture characterized by burial in an urnfield. The Urnfield complex is equated with the Hallstatt culture and is dated to circa 1200–800 bc.
- The Urnfield cultures were a group of central European Bronze Age cultures associated with the Celts.
- They spread into and beyond those areas previously held by the Urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.
- Pot types found in Mackovac are distributed over a large territory and in different Urnfield culture groups.