There are 2 main definitions of valerian in English:

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valerian1

Line breaks: val|er¦ian
Pronunciation: /vəˈlɪərɪən
 
/

noun

1A Eurasian plant which typically bears clusters of small pink or white flowers.
Example sentences
  • Down by the pool, sown among the large white rocks that were dug out of the hillside to accommodate it, are white valerians, more grasses, lavenders and sages.
  • Unless it's the drug-like catnips and valerians, most cats ignore growing things.
  • The herbs chamomile, valerian, yarrow, nettle, comfrey and dandelion can help make a success of your compost heap.
1.1 [mass noun] A drug obtained from the root of common valerian, used as a sedative and antispasmodic.
Example sentences
  • Unlike synthetic sedatives, valerian is not considered addictive.
  • An alternative remedy for insomnia is valerian, a herbal medicine that has some reported positive effects but has not been exhaustively clinically investigated.
  • In animal and clinical studies, valerian has proven to act as a mild sedative and tranquilizer, thereby aiding sleep, even among chronic pain sufferers.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French valeriane, from medieval Latin valeriana (herba), apparently the feminine of Valerianus 'of Valerius' (a personal name).

Definition of valerian in:

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There are 2 main definitions of valerian in English:

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Valerian2

Line breaks: Val|er¦ian
Pronunciation: /vəˈlɪərɪən
 
/
( D.260), Roman emperor 253–60; Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianius. He renewed the persecution of the Christians initiated by Decius.

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