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- 2 (also vampire bat) a small bat that feeds on the blood of mammals or birds using its two sharp incisor teeth and anticoagulant saliva, found mainly in tropical America. See also false vampire.
- Family Desmodontidae (or Phyllostomidae): three species, in particular the common vampire (Desmodus rotundus)
mid 18th century: from French, from Hungarian vampir, perhaps from Turkish uber 'witch'