Each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Sudra.
- Hinduism recognises four varnas based on occupation (jati or jat) and ancestry.
- Strictly speaking, class and caste are different social institutions, though castes are often assumed to fit into the four varnas.
- Vedic civilization is based on four varnas (divisions of society), but there are people who do not fit within these four.
Sanskrit, literally 'colour, class'.