Definition of ventral in English:


Line breaks: ven|tral
Pronunciation: /ˈvɛntr(ə)l


Anatomy , Zoology , & Botany
  • On or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal: a ventral nerve cord the ventral part of the head Compare with dorsal.
    More example sentences
    • The nervous system consists of a lobed dorsal brain and ventral nerve cord with fused paired ganglia.
    • If either of these proteins is absent, then the motor axons select dorsal and ventral pathways randomly.
    • The dorsal and ventral edges of the centra are more nearly equal in width in the larger specimens.



More example sentences
  • In insects, as in all arthropods, the main nerve cord lies ventrally, rather than dorsally as in vertebrates.
  • In multiple-male matings, males amplex females dorsally, ventrally, and dorsolaterally.
  • Adult plumage is blue-black or gray dorsally and white ventrally, sometimes with distinctive coloring or plumes on the head.


late Middle English: from Latin venter, ventr- 'belly' + -al.

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