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vertebrate Line breaks: ver|te¦brate
Pronunciation: /ˈvəːtɪbrət/

Definition of vertebrate in English:


An animal of a large group distinguished by the possession of a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes. Compare with invertebrate.
Example sentences
  • For that reason the earliest terrestrial vertebrates did not come equipped with an occiput, as we understand the term.
  • No one had unambiguously located such genes in animals more primitive than the jawed vertebrates.
  • Their presence suggests the feature appeared in a common ancestor of jawed vertebrates, or gnathostomes.


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Denoting a vertebrate or relating to the vertebrates as a group.
Example sentences
  • Indeed, during this time most of the various invertebrate and vertebrate phyla evolved.
  • In addition to abundant crinoids, a diverse invertebrate and vertebrate fauna is contained within the Muldraugh.
  • In tropical rainforests, the majority of woody plant species disperse seeds via vertebrate frugivores.


Early 19th century: from Latin vertebratus 'jointed', from vertebra (see vertebra).

Definition of vertebrate in:
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