Definition of vertical in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈvəːtɪk(ə)l/


1At right angles to a horizontal plane; in a direction, or having an alignment, such that the top is directly above the bottom: the vertical axis keep your back vertical
More example sentences
  • The navigator switches on the radar system and the antenna extends, turning through 90° from the horizontal to the vertical plane.
  • These corners appear in the horizontal and vertical planes.
  • The added patterns were folded, and profiles in horizontal and vertical direction were obtained for further analysis.
upright, erect, perpendicular, plumb, straight (up and down), on end, standing, upstanding, bolt upright, upended;
sheer, steep, sharp, precipitous, bluff, vertiginous;
Heraldry  rampant
rare acclivitous, declivitous, scarped
2Involving different levels or stages of a hierarchy or process.
Example sentences
  • The human being possesses levels of reality situated in the vertical hierarchy of body, soul and spirit.
  • Scinduism must do away with the vertical hierarchy of castes and the complete plethora of superstitious beliefs.
  • Thus, the objective of this article is to empirically test the market power motive of vertical integration-a different objective from that of Bhuyan.
2.1Involving all the stages from the production to the sale of a class of goods: we need more vertical cooperation between manufacturers and service providers
More example sentences
  • First, I analyze prior research on the impact of vertical cooperation on firm performance and present the theoretical framework.
  • ‘Lawson continues to have good products and a good vertical strategy,’ says Sholler.
  • The vertical dimension of a cluster consists of firms with complementary products and competencies that are linked through supplier and customer relations.
2.2(Especially of the transmission of disease or genetic traits) passed from one generation to the next: vertical transmission of HIV infection
More example sentences
  • Vaccination in utero may reduce the vertical transmission of infectious diseases.
  • Well informed general practitioners can and should play a part in preventing vertical transmission of HIV.
  • A total of 266 knew that vertical transmission can be reduced.
3 Anatomy Relating to the crown of the head.
Example sentences
  • The aberrant vessel can be traced to the middle ear with an apparent absence of the right vertical carotid canal.
  • The paramedian forehead flap was centered over the supratrochlear artery in a vertical orientation.
4 archaic Denoting a point at the zenith or the highest point of something.


1 (usually the vertical) A vertical line or plane: the columns incline several degrees away from the vertical
More example sentences
  • Simeon shoots with a recurve bow in which the ends curve up to the vertical whereas a long bow is D-shaped.
  • The horizontal plane addressed, we now turn to the vertical.
  • Gravi-responding hypocotyls or coleoptiles can likewise show enormous variations in trajectory back to the vertical.
2An upright structure: we remodelled the opening with a simple lintel and unadorned verticals
More example sentences
  • Originally, this elongated oval, itself perfectly aligned with the vertical of the colonnette, would have been cut precisely in half by the diagonal of the spear.
  • It is broadly composed around two matching verticals that suggest abstract maypoles.
  • And a block down the road is the Jeppe Street Post Office, an impressive building in light grey granite with tall attractive verticals.
3The distance between the highest and lowest points of a ski area: the resort claims a vertical of 2,100 metres
More example sentences
  • Without the verticals of Vail or Park City, they could never develop into anything more than regional, half-year ski destinations.



Pronunciation: /vəːtɪˈkalɪti/
Example sentences
  • With its height and verticality, the Climbing Wall serves as an important therapeutic metaphor.
  • But no amount of groundwork could prepare you for the verticality of the cliffs here.
  • By the mid 1920s, he brought the theme to a new pitch of verticality in the Birds in Space.


(also verticalise) verb
Example sentences
  • The loop can start to roll from one plane to another, it can horizontalize, or it can verticalize so that the viewer sees only up-and-down movements.
  • More to the point, Ormus chooses an absolutely verticalized reality, one that excludes all temporal process.
  • Another decision I had to make was to verticalize each of the sales forces, because I didn't want three people calling on the same account.


Mid 16th century (in the sense 'directly overhead'): from French, or from late Latin verticalis, from vertex (see vertex).

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: ver|ti¦cal

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