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vibrio

Line breaks: vib¦rio
Pronunciation: /ˈvɪbrɪəʊ
 
, ˈvʌɪ-/

Definition of vibrio in English:

noun (plural vibrios)

Medicine
A water-borne bacterium of a group that includes some pathogenic kinds that cause cholera, gastroenteritis, and septicaemia.
Example sentences
  • Current research in molecular biology is aimed at finding out why cholera vibrios are such potent pathogens.
  • Cholera vibrios release a poison that damages the lining of the intestine so that it leaks fluids and salts, and as a result, the patient is intensely dehydrated.
  • In a recent incident, a particularly virulent South American strain of the bacteria vibrio parahaemoliticus, a relative of cholera, was tied to more than 400 cases of serious human illness across 13 states.

Origin

modern Latin, from Latin vibrare 'vibrate'.

Definition of vibrio in:

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