Definition of vicinal in English:

vicinal

Line breaks: vi|cinal
Pronunciation: /ˈvɪsɪn(ə)l
 
, vɪˈsʌɪn(ə)l
 
/

adjective

1 rare Neighbouring; adjacent.
1.1 Chemistry Relating to or denoting substituents attached to adjacent atoms in a ring or chain.
More example sentences
  • The epoxide hydrolases are a family of enzymes that hydrate simple epoxide to vicinal diols and arene oxides to transdihydrodiols.
  • The latter are also called vicinal diols, or 1,2-diols.
  • The number of vicinal hydroxyl groups corresponds to the chemical and biological activity of the compound; thus kaempferol is often less active than quercetin and myricetin.
2(Of a railway or road) serving a neighbourhood; local.

Origin

early 17th century: from French, or from Latin vicinalis, from vicinus 'neighbour'.

Definition of vicinal in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day brannigan
Pronunciation: ˈbranɪg(ə)n
noun
a brawl or violent argument