Share this entry

Share this page

vicinal

Line breaks: vi|cinal
Pronunciation: /ˈvɪsɪn(ə)l
 
, vɪˈsʌɪn(ə)l
 
/

Definition of vicinal in English:

adjective

1.1 Chemistry Relating to or denoting substituents attached to adjacent atoms in a ring or chain.
Example sentences
  • The epoxide hydrolases are a family of enzymes that hydrate simple epoxide to vicinal diols and arene oxides to transdihydrodiols.
  • The latter are also called vicinal diols, or 1,2-diols.
  • The number of vicinal hydroxyl groups corresponds to the chemical and biological activity of the compound; thus kaempferol is often less active than quercetin and myricetin.
2(Of a railway or road) serving a neighbourhood; local.

Origin

early 17th century: from French, or from Latin vicinalis, from vicinus 'neighbour'.

Words that rhyme with vicinal

vaticinal

Definition of vicinal in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day terpsichorean
Pronunciation: ˌtəːpsɪkəˈriːən
adjective
relating to dancing