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vizier

Line breaks: viz¦ier
Pronunciation: /vɪˈzɪə
 
, ˈvɪzɪə
 
/

Definition of vizier in English:

noun

historical
A high official in some Muslim countries, especially in Turkey under Ottoman rule.
Example sentences
  • Hence many Ottoman viziers were of non-Turkish ethnic origin, including Greeks, Albanians, and even Italians.
  • He came to Egypt in 1168 as an assistant to his uncle, who was a general and then became the vizier of the last Fatimid caliph.
  • The great calligrapher, Muhammad ibn Muqla, a vizier at the court of three Abbasid caliphs, was charged with the task of standardising and refining the myriad cursive scripts.

Origin

mid 16th century: via Turkish from Arabic wazīr 'caliph's chief counsellor'.

Derivatives

vizierate

1
noun
Example sentences
  • During his vizierate the Ottoman Empire regained some of its former prestige and vitality.
  • Coordination between the different viziers and communication between the sovereign and the vizierates required a new official.
  • She also points out that the absence of maxims regarding the vizierate, the highest office in the land, make it unlikely that the author was a vizier.

vizierial

2
Pronunciation: /vɪˈzɪərɪəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In 803 Harun al-Rashid murdered his vizier, Ja'far the Barmecide, and ordered the destruction of this powerful vizierial family.

viziership

3
noun
Example sentences
  • One family's control over the viziership came to be more stable than the transfer of kingship.
  • Overthrown temporarily, and in an evil hour his prerogative endangered, his domination was re-established more indisputably now than ever in the grand viziership of his son.
  • Ýbrâhîm Pasha's viziership coincided with the Ottoman Tulip Era, a time known both for its aesthetic achievements and its decadence.

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