Definition of vortex in English:

vortex

Line breaks: vor¦tex
Pronunciation: /ˈvɔːtɛks
 
/

noun (plural vortexes or vortices /-tɪsiːz/)

  • A whirling mass of fluid or air, especially a whirlpool or whirlwind: we were caught in a vortex of water figurative a swirling vortex of emotions
    More example sentences
    • As this material approaches the black hole, it swirls in a vortex, like water swirling down a drain.
    • The magnetic fields of these vortices cause them to repel one another just as like-oriented magnets do.
    • The denser sand on top sinks while light sand on the bottom rises, creating swirling vortices akin to the convection rolls that are common in gases heated from below.
    Synonyms
    whirlwind, whirlpool, gyre, maelstrom, eddy, swirl, swirling, countercurrent, counterflow
    literary Charybdis

Derivatives

vortical

adjective
More example sentences
  • This concept is not so simple to apply, because the average flow is affected by the unsteady vortical patterns through the Reynolds stresses.
  • Predictions of the effects of both observed vortical flow patterns and pressure distributions on the carapace were consistent with actual forces and moments measured using the force balance.
  • Detailed flow visualization in flapping foils provides a more complex picture: The vortical patterns close partially on themselves to form apparent ring loops, but the vorticity of each loop connects all the way back to the foil.

vortically

adverb
More example sentences
  • A discussion of a methodology for the study of heat transfer in the vortically enhanced mixing of heating and vaporizing sprays is provided.
  • As soon as pitting has started and significant current flows, the electrolyte starts to flow vortically according to the magnetohydrodynamic effect.

vorticity

Pronunciation: /vɔːˈtɪsɪti/
noun
More example sentences
  • Because of the nature of inviscid flow, these techniques are often called vortex methods because point vorticity can be used to satisfy a required non-penetrating boundary condition at the fish surface.
  • It is shown that the internal wave field modulated the vorticity field so as to satisfy conservation of potential vorticity.
  • We assumed the vortex rings to be circular and to contain all vorticity.

vorticose

adjective
More example sentences
  • Additionally, it should be noted that the vorticose air motions produced by the moving parts of the machine circulate dust which is deposited on the yarns and makes them undesirably dirty.
  • This vorticose motion of the wind is called a cyclone.

vorticular

Pronunciation: /vɔːˈtɪkjʊlə/
adjective
More example sentences
  • An additional stabilizing feature within our Plasma unit is the recirculation of heated mass, in a vorticular fashion within the Plasma flow.
  • The structured water is then locked into place through physical forces of vorticular motion and magnetic moments so the water clusters stabilize.
  • Sometimes, tornadoes in our area are referred to by euphemisms like ‘intense vorticular clouds’, ‘freak wind storms’, and so forth.

Origin

mid 17th century: from Latin vortex, vortic-, literally 'eddy', variant of vertex.

More definitions of vortex

Definition of vortex in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day coloratura
Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody