- Genus Triticum, family Gramineae: several species, including bread wheat (T. aestivum) and durum wheat, and many distinctive cultivars
- Other Iron Age crops included the more ancient emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccum, which was grown on light soils), bread wheat, oats, rye, peas, Celtic beans, and flax.
- Three species exist both as wild and domesticated wheats, einkorn, emmer, and breadwheat.
- The many thousands of grains comprise not just emmer and naked barley, but also bread wheat - which points clearly to the Neolithic - and linseed.
- Despite this, the trials of other feed grain wheats and forage cereal varieties east of Bairnsdale continue to attract the interest of growers.
separate the wheat from the chaff
- see chaff1.
Old English hwǣte of Germanic origin; related to Dutch weit, German Weizen, also to white.
An Anglo-Saxon word, wheat is related to white, presumably on account of its pale colour. To separate the wheat from the chaff, meaning ‘to distinguish the valuable from the worthless’ is a biblical concept. In the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, John the Baptist tells the people that a being mightier than him will soon come and gather in the wheat, or good people, but ruthlessly burn the chaff. In several other passages God's anger is spoken of as driving away the wicked just as the wind blows away chaff. The first part of the name of the wheatear, a small songbird with a white rump, is from white rather than wheat. The second part seems odd, as birds do not have ears—it is actually from arse, in reference to the bird's rump.
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