A valley cut through a ridge by a river which no longer flows through the valley.
- Dated marine and terrestrial sediments allow estimation of the timing of wind gap formation and rates of lateral propagation of the South Alkyonides Fault.
- The former courses of the south-directed drainage became wind gaps in the immediate footwall of the South Alkyonides Fault.
- Both major and minor faults influence the directions of river channels, and even minor faults can have wind gaps, low points on the scarp where a stream once crossed the fault but has now been diverted because of the changed topography.
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