Definition of xanthophyll in English:


Line breaks: xan¦tho|phyll
Pronunciation: /ˈzanθə(ʊ)fɪl


[mass noun] Biochemistry
  • A yellow or brown carotenoid plant pigment which causes the autumn colours of leaves.
    More example sentences
    • These are chlorophyll's shy cousins, the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the red-orange carotene.
    • Remove both chlorophyll and the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the variegation is white.
    • Concentrations of total carotenoids and total xanthophyll were greater for plants grown at low temperature.


mid 19th century: from Greek xanthos 'yellow' + phullon 'leaf'.

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