Definition of xanthophyll in English:

Share this entry

xanthophyll

Pronunciation: /ˈzanθə(ʊ)fɪl/

noun

[mass noun] Biochemistry
A yellow or brown carotenoid plant pigment which causes the autumn colours of leaves.
Example sentences
  • These are chlorophyll's shy cousins, the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the red-orange carotene.
  • Remove both chlorophyll and the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the variegation is white.
  • Concentrations of total carotenoids and total xanthophyll were greater for plants grown at low temperature.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Greek xanthos 'yellow' + phullon 'leaf'.

For editors and proofreaders

Line breaks: xan¦tho|phyll

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.