Share this entry
xanthophyll Line breaks: xan¦tho|phyll
Pronunciation: /ˈzanθə(ʊ)fɪl/

Definition of xanthophyll in English:


[mass noun] Biochemistry
A yellow or brown carotenoid plant pigment which causes the autumn colours of leaves.
Example sentences
  • These are chlorophyll's shy cousins, the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the red-orange carotene.
  • Remove both chlorophyll and the yellow pigment xanthophyll and the variegation is white.
  • Concentrations of total carotenoids and total xanthophyll were greater for plants grown at low temperature.


Mid 19th century: from Greek xanthos 'yellow' + phullon 'leaf'.

Definition of xanthophyll in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources