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xylene

Line breaks: xy¦lene
Pronunciation: /ˈzʌɪliːn
 
/

Definition of xylene in English:

noun

[mass noun] Chemistry
A volatile liquid hydrocarbon obtained by distilling wood, coal tar, or petroleum, used in fuels and solvents and in chemical synthesis.
Example sentences
  • Petroleum fuels contain several toxic compounds, including benzene, toluene and xylene - all considered carcinogens.
  • Fuels such as petroleum are mixtures of various hydrocarbons, and may contain benzene, toluene, xylene, and styrene, and other components.
  • If you do insist on using solvents, avoid low-flash point solvents like gasoline, xylene, lacquer thinner, etc. which are dangerously flammable.

Origin

mid 19th century: from xylo- 'of wood' + -ene.

More
  • xylophone from (mid 19th century):

    This is the only common word formed from Greek xylo- ‘wood’, although it is common enough in science in words such as xylene (mid 19th century) a hydrocarbon made from distilled wood, and archaeologists can describe a single lump of wood as monoxylic (mid 19th century) on the model of monolithic (mid 19th century) for ‘single stone’.

Definition of xylene in:

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