(Especially of an insect larva or mollusc) feeding on or boring into wood.
- Although we have presented several plausible hypotheses to explain this absence, it is clear that further Mesozoic fossil evidence is needed to clarify some of the early events in the evolution of xylophagous insects.
- Since oribatid mites are often the most abundant part of the xylophagous fauna, a decrease in their abundance would have drastic implications for the decomposition rates of wood in an ecosystem.
- Members of the genus Cryptocercus (Dictyoptera: Cryptocercidae) are subsocial, xylophagous cockroaches that inhabit damp, decaying logs of temperate forests in the Palearctic and Nearctic.
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