1a member of a people living in the Basque Country of France and Spain. Culturally one of the most distinct groups in Europe, the Basques were largely independent until the 19th century. The Basque separatist movement ETA is carrying on an armed struggle against the Spanish government.
2 [mass noun] the language of the Basques, which is not known to be related to any other language. It has about 1 million speakers.
relating to the Basques or their language.
from French, from Latin Vasco; compare with Gascon