1A landlocked republic in the Balkans; population 2,066,700 (est. 2009); official language, Macedonian; capital, Skopje. Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, Macedonia became independent after a referendum in 1991. Also called Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
2 (also Macedon /ˈmasɪd(ə)n/) An ancient country in SE Europe, at the northern end of the Greek peninsula. In classical times it was a kingdom which under Philip II and Alexander the Great became a world power. The region is now divided between Greece, Bulgaria, and the republic of Macedonia.
3A region in the north-east of modern Greece; capital, Thessaloníki.