1.1 Ramses II (died circa 1225 bc), reigned circa 1292-circa 1225 bc; known as Ramses the Great. The third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty, he built vast monuments and statues, including the two rock temples at Abu Simbel.
1.2 Ramses III (died circa 1167 bc), reigned circa 1198-circa 1167 bc. The second pharaoh of the 20th dynasty, he fought decisive battles against the Libyans and the Sea Peoples. After his death the power of Egypt declined.