1.1 Ramses II ( died circa 1225 bc), reigned circa 1292-circa 1225 bc; known as Ramses the Great. The third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty, he built vast monuments and statues, including the two rock temples at Abu Simbel.
1.2 Ramses III ( died circa 1167 bc), reigned circa 1198-circa 1167 bc. The second pharaoh of the 20th dynasty, he fought decisive battles against the Libyans and the Sea Peoples. After his death the power of Egypt declined.