Definición de agonist en inglés:

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Pronunciación: /ˈaɡənɪst/


1 Biochemistry A substance which initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor. Compare with antagonist.
Oraciones de ejemplo
  • They may mimic naturally occurring steroids, act as hormone receptor agonists or antagonists or alter the enzymes responsible for hormone synthesis and degradation.
  • Medications that can reduce androgen levels include estrogen, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, and glucocorticoids.
  • These observations provide support for the model that glucose and structurally related sugars are agonists of the Gpr1 receptor.
2 Anatomy A muscle whose contraction moves a part of the body directly: [as modifier]: there is a failure to select the right agonist muscles Compare with antagonist.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In addition, we believe that the agonist / antagonist muscle ratios are important values when considering how the scapula provides stability, mobility, and symptom-free function.
  • The agonist and antagonist muscles work in concert to create muscular balance in the human body.
  • It's a matter of muscle aesthetics: The upper arm looks best when both its opposing muscle groups, the agonists and antagonists - that's bis and tris to you - carry a complementary amount of muscle.
3 another term for protagonist.
Oraciones de ejemplo
  • But now, replying to Harapha’s taunts with a startling invitation to combat, Samson is confident as the agonist was never before depicted.
  • To every agonist, there is an antagonist.



Oraciones de ejemplo
  • Studies have clearly demonstrated that key therapies in the acute attack of migraine share the common pharmacologic activity of serotonin receptor agonism.
  • Rather, all known abused drugs affect a limited number of neurotransmitters by agonism or antagonism of a specific receptor site.
  • An agonist is described as a drug that binds to and activates receptors; the possibility of spontaneous receptor activity and therefore of inverse agonism is not mentioned.


Early 20th century: from Greek agōnistēs 'contestant' (a sense reflected in English in the early 17th century), from agōn 'contest'.

Palabras que riman con agonist

antagonist, protagonist

For editors and proofreaders

Saltos de línea: agon|ist

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