Definición de chromosome en inglés:

chromosome

Saltos de línea: chromo|some
Pronunciación: /ˈkrəʊməsəʊm
 
/

sustantivo

Biology
  • A thread-like structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Ring chromosomes, chromatid exchanges and polyploidies were also observed at some treatments.
    • The sizes of the two centromeres from the homologous chromosomes are different.
    • The sex chromosomes are placed to the right of the smallest autosomal chromosomes.

Each chromosome consists of a DNA double helix bearing a linear sequence of genes, coiled and recoiled around aggregated proteins (histones). Their number varies from species to species: humans have 22 pairs plus the two sex chromosomes (two X chromosomes in females, one X and one Y in males). During cell division each DNA strand is duplicated, and the chromosomes condense to become visible as distinct pairs of chromatids joined at the centromere

Derivativos

chromosomal

adjetivo
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The number of ovulated oocytes per female and the chromosomal constitution of these in vivo matured oocytes were analysed.
  • The centromere is responsible for two key chromosomal functions in mitosis and meiosis.
  • Numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities within each metaphase were recorded.

Origen

late 19th century: coined in German from Greek khrōma 'colour' + sōma 'body'.

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Palabra del día skosh
Pronunciación: skəʊʃ
noun
a small amount; a little