Share this entry

Share this page

crop

Saltos de línea: crop
Pronunciación: /krɒp
 
/

Definición de crop en inglés:

sustantivo

1A cultivated plant that is grown on a large scale commercially, especially a cereal, fruit, or vegetable: the main crops were oats and barley
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In addition to rice, they also grow some other edible crops and plant vegetables and fruit around the edge of their plots.
  • The crop is grown commercially only in those regions where the plants are forced into a rest period by cold or drought.
  • These four crops accounted for 52 percent of U.S. acres planted to crops excluding fruits and vegetables in 2001.
1.1An amount of produce harvested at one time: a heavy crop of fruit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • He was harvesting the crops, and had gathered in his arms a large bundle of corn.
  • When the crop was harvested, pesticide residues were found to exceed the legal limit.
  • They have to harvest the crop with almost military precision and at a pace almost as hectic as war.
Sinónimos
harvest, year's growth, yield, produce, vintage, gathering, reaping, gleaning, garnering;
1.2An abundance of something, especially a person’s hair: he had a thick crop of wiry hair
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The electric blue eyes beam between a dark crop of lush hair and a rich beard.
  • He's tall, with a healthy crop of white hair.
  • He went under the razor and sacrificed his crop of red hair to raise money for his son's special school.
1.3The total number of young farm animals born in a particular year on one farm: failure to observe sound practice leads to a lamb crop at weaning of around 50-60 per cent
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Jennifer might talk about her award-winning goats or the new crop of kids born days before.
2A group or amount of related people or things appearing or occurring at one time: the current crop of politicians
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Every season, first books appear by a crop of new writers worthy of ink and paper.
  • The president's advisors will be worried by the latest crop of polls which appear to indicate a groundswell of dissatisfaction with their man.
  • The new crop of boats appears to be designed and built by committee, the accountants and people with no practical experience.
Sinónimos
batch, lot, assortment, selection, collection, supply, intake
3A hairstyle in which the hair is cut very short: she has her hair cut in a short crop
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Buns, twists, chignons and hair knots generally work for most hair types, textures and lengths except super short chops and crops.
  • While I was eating, my mom fussed with my short crop of red hair.
  • Her back was turned to me, so I could only see her short crop of black hair and the red mantle she wore.
4 short for riding crop or hunting crop.
Example sentences
  • Flipping back one of the exercise mats, he revealed a selection of whips, canes and crops.
Sinónimos
5A pouch in a bird’s gullet where food is stored or prepared for digestion: the parent waxbill partially digests food in its crop
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Grain is stored in their crops and ground by the grit in their gizzard.
  • Chickadees don't have a crop in their throats to store food that is slowly digested while sleeping.
Sinónimos
craw, maw, gullet, throat;
informal , dated the red lane
archaic throttle, gorge, gula
5.1An organ resembling a pouch in an insect or earthworm.
Example sentences
  • Serotonin is a biogenic amine that modulates smooth muscle contractions of the crop and gizzard of the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris.
  • A comparison of specific organs revealed a huge difference in ethyl oleate found in the crop, an organ used for nectar storage.

verbo (crops, cropping, cropped)

Volver al principio  
1 [with object] Cut (something, especially a person’s hair) very short: (as adjective cropped) cropped blonde hair
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Her blond hair was cropped short and framed her face.
  • He had short cropped blonde hair and friendly ice blue eyes.
  • Her blonde hair was cropped even shorter and her aquamarine eyes were not red rimmed like Julia's.
Sinónimos
pare, prune, fleece, lop, dock, remove, detach;
cut off, hack off, chop off, take off;
shorten, make shorter, cut shorter, cut into a bob;
1.1(Of an animal) bite off and eat the tops of (plants): the horse was gratefully cropping the grass
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Some distance behind him a black horse cropped the grass.
  • Deer cropped the springy turf beside us, so close we could hear every snuffle and chomp.
  • On the hillside below them half a dozen sheep cropped the sunlit grass and kept a wary eye.
Sinónimos
graze on, browse on, feed on, nibble (at), eat;
pasture, ruminate
1.2Cut the edges of (a photograph) in order to produce a better picture or to fit a given space: you can always crop the picture afterwards
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In the past, photographs were cropped to alter their meaning, mis-captioned and retouched.
  • She had already cropped this photograph to fit the rectangular print into the square format of the book.
  • They cropped the photograph of her friend.
2 [with object] Harvest (plants or their produce) from a particular area: hay would have been cropped several times through the summer
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Set-aside payments will not help the farmer much because the subsidy is the same as if it had been cropped, but without the actual crop to sell.
  • It should be farmers' priority in Zambia to cut cotton stalks immediately after cropping if they are to avoid serious infestation of pests and diseases and achieve better yields.
  • First earlies are planted between the end of March and early April and take about 100 days before cropping.
Sinónimos
gather, collect, pick, pluck;
gather in, take in, bring home
literary glean, garner, cull
2.1Sow or plant (land) with plants that will produce food or fodder, especially on a large commercial scale: the southern areas are cropped in cotton (as adjective, with submodifier cropped) intensively cropped areas
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Southeastern soils have been intensively cropped and are prone to drought and erosion.
  • Virtually all land is double cropped, and many farmers cultivate three or four crops a year.
  • Land must be cropped in order to pay the bills.
2.2 [no object] (Of land or a plant) yield a harvest of plants or produce: the parsley will need protection to continue cropping through the winter
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Raspberries continue to crop heavily too, but there aren't that many left now.
  • If planted in April 1990, they will crop in the summer of 1990, 1991 and 1992.
  • I always like to sow some broad beans in autumn to have something growing in the veg plot over winter, and they usually crop earlier than the spring-sown ones.

Origen

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to German Kropf. From Old English to the late 18th century there existed a sense 'flower head, ear of corn', giving rise to sense 1 of the noun and senses referring to the top of something, whence sense 4 of the noun.

More
  • From around ad 700 to the late 18th century crop, related to group (late 17th century), had a sense ‘flower head, ear of corn’, which gave rise to the main modern meaning ‘a cultivated plant grown on a large scale’ and also to senses referring to the top of something, such as the verb uses ‘to cut very short’ or ‘to bite off and eat the tops of plants’. The sense ‘a very short hairstyle’ goes back to the late 18th century but is particularly associated with the 1920s, when the Eton crop, reminiscent of the style then worn at the English public school Eton, was fashionable for young women.

    To come a cropper is to suffer a defeat or disaster. The origin of the phrase may be the 19th-century hunting slang term ‘cropper’, meaning ‘a heavy fall’. Cropper probably came from neck and crop, an expression meaning ‘completely or thoroughly’ and originally used in the context of a horse falling to the ground. Crop here referred either to the rider's whip (originally the top part of a whip) or the horse's hindquarters. This sense is found in Old French croupe ‘rump’, which appears as croup in Middle English, and is the source of the crupper (Middle English), the bit of harness that goes from the saddle under the horse's tail, and which lies behind the word croupier (early 18th century). In early use, this was a term for a person standing behind a gambler to give advice, adopted from French, cropier ‘pillion rider, rider on the croup’.

Verbos con partícula

crop out

1
(Of rock) appear or be exposed at the surface of the earth: high hills are found where the igneous rocks of eastern South Uist crop out
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • At the base of the erosional hollow, an inlier of Jurassic rocks crops out below the late Cimmerian unconformity.
  • The nature of the Lower Palaeozoic rocks which crop out in the peninsula therefore hold important evidence for the Caledonian evolution of the area.
  • The Hammamat Group is a sequence of immature, clastic sedimentary rocks that crop out sporadically throughout the central and northern segments of the Eastern Desert of Egypt.

crop up

2
Appear, occur, or come to one’s notice unexpectedly: some urgent business had cropped up
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • It's a problem we've noticed before and it seems to crop up at random intervals.
  • Unless something unexpected crops up this year, this test looks like something a lot of us should try next year.
  • It is not something that crops up on a day to day basis in terms of business.
Sinónimos

Definición de crop en:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

¿Qué te llama la atención de esta palabra o frase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Obtenga más de Oxford Dictionaries

Suscribirse para eliminar anuncios y acceder a los recursos premium

Palabra del día emulous
Pronunciación: ˈɛmjʊləs
adjective
seeking to emulate someone or something