Definición de ergative en inglés:


Saltos de línea: erga|tive
Pronunciación: /ˈəːgətɪv


  • 1Relating to or denoting a case of nouns (in some languages, e.g. Basque and Eskimo) that identifies the doer of an action as the object rather than the subject of a verb.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • In the past tense configuration, however, the Pashto agreement system is ergative: the Agreement is verb - subject agreement with intransitives, but verb - object agreement with transitives.
    • In Kalaallisut (Greenlandic) for example the ergative case is used to mark subjects of transitive verbs and possessors of nouns.
    • But the ergative subject is the subject and comes first.
  • 1.1(In English) denoting verbs which can be used both transitively and intransitively to describe the same action, with the object in the former case being the subject in the latter, as in I boiled the kettle and the kettle boiled. Compare with inchoative.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Given the same function condition, stated above, the non-pivot ergative noun phrase of the second clause cannot be omitted under coreference with the pivot noun phrase of the first clause, hence its ungrammaticality.
    • An ergative system is one in which the subject of an intransitive verb is treated grammatically like the direct object of a transitive verb, while the subject of a transitive verb is treated differently.
    • Two main linguistic features are analysed: the expression of causativity in ergative constructions and the expression of modality in’ projecting’ that clauses.


Volver al principio  
  • 1An ergative word.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • In this language, the ergative is simply the oblique stem of the noun.
    • Based on the traditional assumption that the ergative construction is the underlying construction and the ergative is the subject, the passive can be described as follows.
  • 1.1 (the ergative) The ergative case.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • The other case, the ergative, is used for the agent.
    • Like the other case-marking postpositions in this language, the ergative is encliticised to the first word of the noun phrase.



Pronunciación: /ˌəːgəˈtɪvɪti/
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • But what a cool correlation between language and genetics this could be - if the absence of grammatical gender and ergativity in Persian could tip us off to population mixtures that explain features in western Iran.
  • This is baby-level English-structure stuff - not something like the that-trace effect, or ergativity in verbs, say - and very long-standard terminology.
  • Instead, every ergative language exhibits ergativity in some circumstances but not in others, and the range of observed ergative systems is enormous, though the differences are not arbitrary.


1950s: from Greek ergatēs 'worker' (from ergon 'work') + -ive.

Más definiciones de ergative 

Definición de ergative en: 

Obtener más de Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribirse para eliminar anuncios y acceder a los recursos premium

Palabra del día skosh
Pronunciación: skəʊʃ
a small amount; a little