Share this entry

Share this page

ketone

Saltos de línea: ke¦tone
Pronunciación: /ˈkiːtəʊn
 
/

Definición de ketone en inglés:

sustantivo

Chemistry
An organic compound containing a carbonyl group CO bonded to two hydrocarbon groups, made by oxidizing secondary alcohols. The simplest such compound is acetone.
Example sentences
  • Low molecular weight aldehydes and ketones are soluble in water because the carbonyl oxygen atom allows the molecules to form strong hydrogen bonds with the molecules of water.
  • Over time, however, it oxidizes and chemically degrades to form alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, acids and esters.
  • In this reaction, an ester joins with another ester, a ketone, or a nitrile.

Origen

mid 19th century: from German Keton, alteration of Aketon 'acetone'.

Derivados

ketonic

1
Pronunciación: /kɪˈtɒnɪk/
adjetivo
Example sentences
  • This type of reaction gives as its product a beta ketonic ester, ketone, or nitrile (depending upon the starting compounds) and an alcohol.

Definición de ketone en:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

¿Qué te llama la atención de esta palabra o frase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Obtenga más de Oxford Dictionaries

Suscribirse para eliminar anuncios y acceder a los recursos premium

Palabra del día tenebrous
Pronunciación: ˈtɛnɪbrəs
adjective
dark; shadowy or obscure