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mitochondrion

Saltos de línea: mito|chon¦drion
Pronunciación: /ˌmʌɪtə(ʊ)ˈkɒndrɪən
 
/

Definición de mitochondrion en inglés:

sustantivo (plural mitochondria /-rɪə/)

Biology
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner part being folded inwards to form layers (cristae).
Example sentences
  • Chloroplasts are cell organelles comparable to the mitochondria of animal cells.
  • Inside the cytoplasm are mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.
  • The singlet oxygen damages cell membranes, mitochondria and cell nuclei.

Origen

early 20th century: modern Latin, from Greek mitos 'thread' + khondrion (diminutive of khondros 'granule').

Derivados

mitochondrial

1
adjetivo
Example sentences
  • This precaution may extend to all mutants with defective mitochondrial morphology.
  • Destructive and degradative rearrangement of mitochondrial ultrastructure under anaerobic stress.
  • They localized preferentially at mitochondrial sites and perinuclear regions.

Definición de mitochondrion en:

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