Definición de nitrate en inglés:


Saltos de línea: ni|trate


Pronunciación: /ˈnʌɪtreɪt
  • A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the anion NO3 or the group —NO3: preserved meat and vegetables contain nitrates [mass noun]: fish-fry populations are damaged by nitrate
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Many nitrates are ionic in nature, but heavy metal nitrates and anhydrous nitrates have covalently bonded nitrate groups.
    • It occurs in all kinds of minerals, such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates, sulfates, and phosphates.
    • By depositing proteins as monolayers onto gold colloids, the aim will be to develop biosensors for nitrate and nitric oxide with detection capabilities approaching those of natural bacterial cells.


Pronunciación: /nʌɪˈtreɪt
[with object] Volver al principio  
  • Treat (a substance) with nitric acid, especially so as to introduce nitro groups: (as adjective nitrated) nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (as adjective nitrating) a powerful nitrating agent
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • When nitrobenzene is nitrated with nitric and sulfuric acids, for example, 93 percent of the substituted groups end up at meta positions.
    • Thus NO metabolized to nitrosothiols and to nitrated amino acids was not detected.
    • Biodiesel reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and particulates.



Pronunciación: /-ˈtreɪʃ(ə)n/
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In the mining industry, the production of TNT is made possible by the electrophilic nitration of toluene (methyl benzene).
  • The added ethyl group makes ethylbenzene about 25 times more reactive to nitration than benzene.
  • Interaction of Cl 2 with oxides of nitrogen may also occur, causing the chlorination and nitration of various amino acid residues, particularly tyrosine.


late 18th century: from French (see nitre, -ate1).

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