Definición de spine en inglés:


Saltos de línea: spine
Pronunciación: /spʌɪn


  • 2The part of a book’s jacket or cover that encloses the inner edges of the pages, facing outwards when the book is on a shelf and typically bearing the title and the author’s name.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Most packages contain two tapes within a box about the size of a book, arranged on bookstore shelves with the spine displaying the author and title.
    • Yet its opulent, mouldering furnishings appear intact, its books look down from the shelves, their spines unspoiled but their pages crumbled by termites.
    • She'd run her fingers gently over the book spines and read the titles he kept on the shelf above his writing desk.
  • 3 Zoology & Botany Any hard, pointed defensive projection or structure, such as a prickle of a hedgehog, a spike-like projection on a sea urchin, a sharp ray in a fish’s fin, or a spike on the stem of a plant.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • The dorsal and pectoral fins have hard spines whereas the other rays are soft like the anal and caudal fins.
    • Bream have a needle sharp set of spines running through the dorsal fin similar to bass.
    • The fins have strong leading rays, which form a row of sharp spines along the dorsal fin.
    needle, quill, bristle, barb, spike, prickle; thorn
    technical spicule, spicula, spiculum, spinule
  • 4 (also pay spine) A linear pay scale operated by some large organizations that allows flexibility for local and specific conditions.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • There were two parts to the deal - a 3 percent pay increase and a second tranche that would introduce a new pay spine to allow many staff to get to a higher pay level more quickly.
    • The new salary introduces two forms of performance related pay: the revamped merit award scheme and the basic pay spine.
    • They say academic staff will get at least 6.5% by August 2004, with a further 1.2% on average where universities and colleges can introduce the new pay spine by that date.
  • 5 Geology A tall mass of viscous lava extruded from a volcano: the Mt Pelee spine was exceptional only for its extreme height—over 300 metres
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • From north and south, swamps or dense jungle rose toward a volcanic spine that was thought for decades to be too wild to support human life.
    • It's an area of tundra and lakes with the volcanic spine of the Alaskan peninsula visible in the distance.
    • East of Eagle Harbor, Brockway Mountain Drive climbs the Keweenaw's volcanic spine.



[in combination]: broken-spined paperbacks
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • These small fish are deep bodied with a long spined dorsal fin.
  • Nothing worth jumping for joy in the first three, but there in Philosophy were a couple of grey spined illegibly titled books.
  • The wasp then digs a burrow nearby using her strongly spined forelegs alternately.


late Middle English: shortening of Old French espine, or from Latin spina 'thorn, prickle, backbone'.

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Pronunciación: ˌastrə(ʊ)ˈgeɪʃ(ə)n
(in science fiction) navigation in outer space