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spine

Saltos de línea: spine
Pronunciación: /spʌɪn
 
/

Definición de spine en inglés:

sustantivo

1A series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back, enclosing the spinal cord and providing support for the thorax and abdomen; the backbone: a soft voice that sent a shiver down her spine
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Cervical nerve roots exit the cervical spine through the intervertebral foramina between the vertebrae.
  • Below the lumbar spine is the sacrum, which is actually five vertebrae fused into one bone.
  • It can result in spina bifida, where the bones of the spine do not completely enclose the spinal cord.
Sinónimos
1.1The central feature or main source of strength of something: players of high quality who will form the spine of our side Puerto Rico’s mountainous spine
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • All but full forward Noel Costelloe in the central spine of the team were switched from their starting positions.
  • He chose to leave wingers Derek Townsley and Kevin Twaddle on the bench in an attempt to strengthen the spine of the side, and it proved a fine piece of judgment.
  • He has featured in the spine of any Aberdeen sides reaching out towards respectability in the past seven years.
Sinónimos
mainstay, backbone, cornerstone, foundation, basis
1.2 [mass noun] Resolution or strength of character.
Example sentences
  • And there are men and women of spine in the private media in Zimbabwe who are determined to continue doing their job despite all the risks.
  • Sabu's youthful charm and popularity encouraged Alex to build his future Empire films with a more careful regard for character and a stronger dramatic spine.
  • In another case, also featuring a desperate mother and a child who'd gone bad, Judge Hatchett lectured the mother to get some spine.
Sinónimos
informal guts, grit, spunk
British informal bottle
vulgar slang balls
2The part of a book’s jacket or cover that encloses the inner edges of the pages, facing outwards when the book is on a shelf and typically bearing the title and the author’s name.
Example sentences
  • Most packages contain two tapes within a box about the size of a book, arranged on bookstore shelves with the spine displaying the author and title.
  • Yet its opulent, mouldering furnishings appear intact, its books look down from the shelves, their spines unspoiled but their pages crumbled by termites.
  • She'd run her fingers gently over the book spines and read the titles he kept on the shelf above his writing desk.
3 Zoology & Botany Any hard, pointed defensive projection or structure, such as a prickle of a hedgehog, a spike-like projection on a sea urchin, a sharp ray in a fish’s fin, or a spike on the stem of a plant.
Example sentences
  • The dorsal and pectoral fins have hard spines whereas the other rays are soft like the anal and caudal fins.
  • Bream have a needle sharp set of spines running through the dorsal fin similar to bass.
  • The fins have strong leading rays, which form a row of sharp spines along the dorsal fin.
Sinónimos
technical spicule, spicula, spiculum, spinule
4 (also pay spine) A linear pay scale operated by some large organizations that allows flexibility for local and specific conditions.
Example sentences
  • There were two parts to the deal - a 3 percent pay increase and a second tranche that would introduce a new pay spine to allow many staff to get to a higher pay level more quickly.
  • The new salary introduces two forms of performance related pay: the revamped merit award scheme and the basic pay spine.
  • They say academic staff will get at least 6.5% by August 2004, with a further 1.2% on average where universities and colleges can introduce the new pay spine by that date.
5 Geology A tall mass of viscous lava extruded from a volcano: the Mt Pelee spine was exceptional only for its extreme height—over 300 metres
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • From north and south, swamps or dense jungle rose toward a volcanic spine that was thought for decades to be too wild to support human life.
  • It's an area of tundra and lakes with the volcanic spine of the Alaskan peninsula visible in the distance.
  • East of Eagle Harbor, Brockway Mountain Drive climbs the Keweenaw's volcanic spine.

Origen

late Middle English: shortening of Old French espine, or from Latin spina 'thorn, prickle, backbone'.

More
  • Spine is from Latin spina ‘thorn, prickle, backbone’. The word has been used to denote the back of a book from the 1920s. Spinney (late 16th century) is a shortening of Old French espinei, from an alteration of Latin spinetum ‘thicket’, from spina.

Derivados

spined

1
adjetivo
[in combination]: broken-spined paperbacks
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • These small fish are deep bodied with a long spined dorsal fin.
  • Nothing worth jumping for joy in the first three, but there in Philosophy were a couple of grey spined illegibly titled books.
  • The wasp then digs a burrow nearby using her strongly spined forelegs alternately.

Definición de spine en:

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Pronunciación: ˈɛmjʊləs
adjective
seeking to emulate someone or something