Definición de spring en inglés:

spring

Saltos de línea: spring
Pronunciación: /sprɪŋ
 
/

verbo (past sprang /spraŋ/ or chiefly North American sprung /sprʌŋ/; past participle sprung)

  • 1 [no object, with adverbial of direction] Move or jump suddenly or rapidly upwards or forwards: I sprang out of bed figurative they sprang to her defence
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Violet suddenly sprang forward and seized her by the arm.
    • Suddenly one of the men sprung forward in an attempt to grab Rachel.
    • Then the leader sprang forward toward me, pointing his gun at me.
    Sinónimos
    leap, jump, bound, vault, hopappear suddenly, appear unexpectedly, materialize
    informal pop up
  • 1.1 [no object, with complement or adverbial] Move rapidly or suddenly from a constrained position by or as if by the action of a spring: the drawer sprang open
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • This time the top drawer sprang open, just missing my head.
    • The holder clips onto your jacket and when you get to a ski lift you simply pull it out to insert the pass into the reader and it springs back into position.
    • He started to drive off, but the boot sprang open.
    Sinónimos
    fly back, recoil; kick back
    rare resile
  • 1.2Operate suddenly by means of a mechanism: the engine sprang into life
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • The freighter's engines sprang to life, deafening its only two occupants.
    • Since the recruitment drive sprung into operation last month, a staggering 248 new members have signed up.
    • She pressed down on a button and the ship shuddered as the main engine sprung to life.
  • 1.3 [with object] Cause (a game bird) to rise from cover.
  • 1.4 [with object] informal Bring about the escape or release of (a prisoner): the president sought to spring the hostages
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • We cannot intervene with the police to get British citizens released, nor spring them from jail.
    • All was right in the Harriet house until the culprits were sprung from jail by their eighteen-year-old son.
    • The other is 23 and was recently sprung from prison after serving a couple of sentences for drug/weapons charges.
  • 2 [no object] (spring from) Originate or arise from: madness and creativity could spring from the same source
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • But the inspiration for Faulks' new novel originally sprang from a childhood memory of a ‘peculiar boy’ in the village where he grew up, and the tragic illness of a family friend.
    • There are several research questions that spring from the results of this study.
    • Beardslee's knowledge and passion for this issue springs from his own quest for answers following his sister's depression and suicide.
    Sinónimos
  • 2.1Appear suddenly or unexpectedly from: tears sprang from his eyes
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • She hugged me again and new tears sprang from her eyes.
    • Where the blazes did he spring from?
  • 2.2 (spring up) Suddenly develop or appear: a terrible storm sprang up
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Large commercial developments are starting to spring up in the town.
    • Everywhere you turn in Glasgow it seems another new development with an evocative name is springing up.
    • Then, almost unnoticed, a playful breeze sprang up, which turned rather suddenly into something stiffer.
  • 2.3 [with object] (spring something on) Present or propose something suddenly or unexpectedly to (someone): we decided to spring a surprise on them
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Latham is at his best when he springs surprises on the Government.
    • Life has a habit of springing surprises on you, pleasant and unpleasant.
    • He said: ‘The Home Secretary was wrong to spring his decision on the police authority, and they are within their rights to take the final decision.’
    Sinónimos
    announce suddenly/unexpectedly, present suddenly/unexpectedly, introduce suddenly/unexpectedly, reveal suddenly/unexpectedly
  • 3 [with object] (usually as adjective sprung) Cushion or fit (a vehicle or item of furniture) with springs: a fully sprung bed
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • He introduced ambulances volantes, light, two-wheeled, sprung vehicles, drawn by two horses, for the rapid evacuation of the wounded.
    • Also, the NSX felt skittish at high speed along poor surfaces, but that's not unusual for such a firmly sprung car.
    • This is a softly sprung car, which makes it roll at the slightest hint of a corner.
  • 4 [no object] (Especially of wood) become warped or split.
  • 4.1 [with object] (Of a boat) suffer splitting of (a mast or other part).
  • 5 [no object] (spring for) North American informal Pay for: don’t spring for the album until you’ve heard it
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Of course, on the upside, we bridesmaids get to wear our own outfits and she's springing for Manolos for everyone.
    • When I was a lad a baseball cap was a baseball cap, even if you weren't springing for the top-of-the-line officially-licensed fitted variety.
    • Besides, it's your folks' fault for not springing for voicemail.
  • 5.1 [with object] archaic Spend (money): he might spring a few shillings more
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • I'd rather spring an extra dollar for one of her foil-wrapped, stuffed baked potatoes (that's real bacon in there) than content myself with institutional fries.
  • 6 [with object] Australian informal Come upon (an illicit activity or its perpetrator): our science teacher sprung me acting the goat
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • He had snuck out of class for a crafty drag and a teacher, Jase, had sprung him.
    • He figured that nobody would ever spring him, but he figured wrong.
    • As we have seen this week, the Minister has been sprung.

sustantivo

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  • 1The season after winter and before summer, in which vegetation begins to appear, in the northern hemisphere from March to May and in the southern hemisphere from September to November: in spring the garden is a feast of blossom [as modifier]: spring rain
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • The peak breeding season is in late spring and early summer, although some breeding takes place throughout the year.
    • Although the spring migration has barely begun, tens of thousands of geese and huge flocks of ducks are already here.
    • The inland region has a continental climate with very cold winters, hot, humid summers, and spring and autumn seasons that are often rainy.
    Sinónimos
    springtime, Eastertide
    literary springtide, Maytime
  • 1.1 Astronomy The period from the vernal equinox to the summer solstice.
  • 1.2 short for spring tide.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • Wrasse feed on the neap tides and on the springs.
    • The archipelago has a fourteen-foot tidal difference during spring and neap so the surroundings are ever changing, revealing its secrets.
    • Gordon explained that the ideal tide for the Seven Stones was a low-water spring, with a good hour of slack water and the rocks exposed.
  • 2An elastic device, typically a helical metal coil, that can be pressed or pulled but returns to its former shape when released, used chiefly to exert constant tension or absorb movement.
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • This apparatus is fitted with ropes and pulleys that are attached to taut springs to create tension.
    • The tension on the spring can be adjusted using a wing nut so it can grip the line tightly or loosely, whatever the fishing situation demands.
    • This simple action is controlled by a complex mass of gears, switches and springs, like you might find inside a watch.
  • 2.1 [mass noun] The ability to spring back strongly; elasticity: the mattress has lost its spring
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • His size is a great advantage but he also has spring and ability - in fact he has every attribute to be a top line goalkeeper.
    • Generally, the more twist in the carpet yarns, the more spring, which hides footprints.
    • Groaning, I attempted to sit up as I felt the sharp jabbing a of a bed coil that had long lost its spring shove its way into my side.
    Sinónimos
  • 3 [in singular] A sudden jump upwards or forwards: with a sudden spring, he leapt on to the table
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • With a spring, he jumped out of the alleyway and hoofed it back to his apartment.
    • He rounded the upcoming corner as only he could; a jump and flip, then a spring off the wall of an adjacent building.
    • The new year, however, will put a spring in their step.
    Sinónimos
  • 3.1 informal , • dated An escape or release from prison.
  • 4A place where water or oil wells up from an underground source, or the basin or flow formed in such a way: the well is fed by mountain springs
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • An underground spring supplied water that fell into the basin from a small opening in the tunnel's side, creating an artificial waterfall.
    • The hamlet is home to about 30 people who take their drinking water from a spring high on the moors above the valley - a source used for centuries.
    • The only source of water was a spring below a steep bank some thirty yards from the house.
    Sinónimos
    well head; source; spa, geyser, hot spring, thermal spring, sulphur spring
    literary well, wellspring, fount
  • 4.1 (usually springs) The origin or a source of something: the springs of his own emotions
    Más ejemplos en oraciones
    • It becomes impossible to see the springs of the play's action in terms of mere idiosyncratic personal grudges or teenage angst.
    • The immediate aftermath of the war was marked by a nostalgic return by many artists to the springs of Mediterranean culture.
    Sinónimos
  • 5An upward curvature of a ship’s deck planking from the horizontal.
  • 5.1A split in a wooden plank or spar under strain.
  • 6 Nautical A hawser laid out diagonally aft from a ship’s bow or forward from a ship’s stern and secured to a fixed point in order to prevent movement or assist manoeuvring.

Frases

spring a leak

(Of a boat or container) develop a leak.
[originally in nautical use, referring to timbers springing out of position]
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The tanker sprang a leak when it hit a floating cargo container, in either Spanish or Portuguese waters.
  • Simultaneously, the hot water tank decided to spring a leak, and water was dripping into the sitting room - the plumbers fixed it yesterday.
  • The Prestige, laden with 77,000 tons of oil, sprang a leak in November off the northwest Spanish coast and sank six days later after snapping in half.

spring a trap

Cause a trap for catching animals to close suddenly.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Silverspot springs a trap by dropping rocks on it.
Trick someone into doing something: she decided to spring the trap after noticing that her husband was behaving erratically
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • I believe she is about to spring a trap.
  • Halfway through, he sprang a trap on the Muslim leadership.
  • He waited until the Nation piece to spring a trap.

Derivativos

springless

adjetivo
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Chekhov recounts how his horse-driven tarantass, an uncomfortable springless carriage, almost collided with three troikas racing in the opposite direction, drivers asleep at the reins - it was nearly a fatal collision.
  • She travelled in a springless baggage cart, a model of which is now proudly displayed in St Thomas' School of Nursing, an establishment she was later to found.
  • He had to endure a 27-mile ride in a springless wagon over rough roads to a railhead at Guiney Station.

springlet

sustantivo ( • literary )
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • There is a water springlet near the church and also agricultural terraces for cultivation and a reservoir…
  • The lane leading to the springlet was planted with hornbeams.
  • She allowed to the last two springlets of tears to leave her eyes.

springlike

adjetivo
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • It was a bright, almost springlike Saturday afternoon.
  • The weather during the holidays was springlike, but presently it has turned sour.
  • The capital of Asmara, with a population of 400,000, has some broad, palm-lined boulevards and sunny, springlike weather year-round.

Origen

Old English spring (noun), springan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German springen. Early use in the senses 'head of a well' and 'rush out in a stream' gave rise to the figurative use 'originate'.

Uso

In British English the standard past tense is sprang ( she sprang forward ), while in US English the past can be either sprang or sprung ( I sprung out of bed ).

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noun
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