Hay 2 definiciones de strain en inglés:

strain1

Saltos de línea: strain
Pronunciación: /streɪn
 
/

verbo

1 [with object] Force (a part of one’s body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort: I stopped and listened, straining my ears for any sound
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Anyone who forgot to bring the radio had to stand or strain themselves to listen to the game on somebody else's radio.
  • He cries weakly, the effort clearly straining his feeble body.
  • When one strained oneself to listen to the speaker one could make out that some important male writers were speaking in generalities.
1.1 [no object] Make an unusually great effort: his voice was so quiet that I had to strain to hear it
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • She whispered so softly that Heart had to strain to hear.
  • Because I was taking notes and straining to hear what was being said on the tape, I didn't necessarily realise what was being said.
  • Be quiet and excuse me; I am straining to hear a conversation and you are making it difficult for me to catch all of it.
Sinónimos
1.2Injure (a limb, muscle, or organ) by overexerting it: on cold days you are more likely to strain a muscle glare from the screen can strain your eyes
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • I need to have wheels installed on this thing, she thought, straining her arm muscles and knocking her knees against its bulk as she walked.
  • Aberfeldie last year learned the cost of attacking through one player when Minton-Connell strained his thigh muscle in the warm-up before the grand final.
  • But because Gandy has favored the muscle, it has partially torn his right biceps and strained another muscle.
Sinónimos
injure, hurt, damage, impair; pull, wrench, tear, twist, sprain, rick, crick
1.3Make severe or excessive demands on: he strained her tolerance to the limit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The Habsburg Monarchy was strained by the demands of different nationalities for autonomy.
  • In the era of the Internet, the efficacy of the name suppression orders was always going to be severely strained, but some online publishers took the issue seriously.
  • Relations between Chicago and Britain have been severely strained by the announcement, coming as it does weeks before an election.
Sinónimos
overtax, overwork, overburden, overextend, overreach, overtask, make too many demands on, run/work oneself into the ground, exert excessively, drive too far, exert to the limit, push to the limit; exhaust, wear out, fatigue, tire, tax; overdo it, work too hardmake severe demands on, make excessive demands on, overtax, be too much for; exceed the limits of, drain, sap, use up, exceed the range/scope of, overstep; test, tax, put a strain on, fray
1.4 [no object] Pull or push forcibly at something: the bear strained at the chain around its neck his stomach was swollen, straining against the thin shirt
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • It uses the pressure points on the shih-tzu's nose and head to apply pressure which stops the shih-tzu from pulling, jumping and straining against the leash.
  • No matter how he twisted and pulled, straining against the straps, he could not free himself.
  • Fenix jerked, straining against the cord - he wanted to murder the man!
Sinónimos
pull, tug, heave, haul, jerk; push
informal yank
1.5Stretch (something) tightly: the barbed wire fence was strained to posts six feet high
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • For the most part the structure is strained tightly together, and decorated, by spidery cross braces.
  • During these works transmitting took place with the help of an antenna which was strained between the other tower and a small wood mast.
  • It originally used as transmitting antenna a cage aerial, which was strained between two 60 meters tall wood towers.
1.6 archaic Embrace (someone) tightly: she strained the infant to her bosom again
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • When she blinked, she saw the boy fall down and the mother straining him and beating at him.
  • I felt his arms straining me, could hear his laughter near me, could smell his stench.
2 [with object] Pour (a mainly liquid substance) through a porous or perforated device or material in order to separate out any solid matter: strain the custard into a bowl
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Slowly strain the butter through a fine sieve into a clean pan, leaving the sediment behind.
  • To finish, strain the infused milk into a clean saucepan, add the breadcrumbs and whisk over a medium heat for two to three minutes until thickened.
  • Simmer for 10 minutes, leave to cool and then strain the mixture through a sieve into a large jug.
2.1Cause liquid to drain off (food which has been boiled, soaked, or canned) by using a porous or perforated device: she turned to the sink to strain the noodles
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Right whales are large baleen whales, meaning that instead of teeth they have bonelike plates, which they use to strain food from large gulps of water.
  • Simmer for five minutes, then remove from heat and strain all ingredients.
  • When you're ready to start cooking, strain the beef, reserving the marinade and the other ingredients.
Sinónimos
2.2Drain (liquid) off food by using a porous or perforated device: strain off the surplus fat
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • This is the most successful part of the recipe. You strain the mussel liquid into a bowl, wipe out your pot, then re-add the liquid and bring it to a boil.
  • It is at this point that you would want to strain off the residual liquid.
  • After about three weeks strain off the liquid and water it around the roots of the plants.

sustantivo

Volver al principio  
1A force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degree: the usual type of chair puts an enormous strain on the spine [mass noun]: aluminium may bend under strain
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The structure of the ligamenta flava enables them to be stretched to high strains without damage.
  • In addition to the pull of Jupiter's gravity, Io also feels the strain from the gravitational fields of Jupiter's other large moons.
  • What is the impact of stresses and strains from external forces on our practice field?
Sinónimos
1.1An injury to a part of the body caused by overexertion: he has a slight groin strain
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The new automobile insurance system includes a limit of $4,000 on pain and suffering awards for a minor injury such as a strain, sprain or minor whiplash.
  • The most common snow injuries are strains, sprains and fractures.
  • Chronic knee injuries include things like strains, sprains and tendinitis.
Sinónimos
injury; sprain, wrench, twist, rick
1.2 Physics The magnitude of a deformation, equal to the change in the dimension of a deformed object divided by its original dimension.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • At relatively low shear strains, deformation is apparent from the slight deformation of strain markers, such as the overturning of ice-wedge casts.
  • In this paper we present new quantitative data on strain, deformation temperatures and vorticity of flow at the top of the Greater Himalayan Slab.
  • The c-maximum fabric normal to foliation is typical of calcite rocks deformed experimentally to high strains in simple shear.
2A severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something: the accusations put a strain on relations between the two countries [mass noun]: she’s under considerable strain
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • This modification, while it suits the owner perfectly, put a strain on my ability to shoot small 25 yard groups.
  • It is this population boom that has put a strain on the land resource in Zambia creating a breeding ground for desertification.
  • Overweight and obese people are at far greater risk of a number of illnesses, including diabetes and heart disease, and an ever fatter population will put a strain on healthcare resources.
Sinónimos
2.1 [mass noun] A state of tension or exhaustion resulting from severe demands on one’s strength or resources: the telltale signs of nervous strain
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Exhaustion, strain and tension are what hit you.
  • This constant state of alert places high tension and strain on staff.
  • As the first week passed by so did some strain and tension on the couple's relationship.
Sinónimos
stress, tension, nervous tension, anxiety; exhaustion, fatigue, tiredness, weariness, pressure of work, overwork, duress
3 (usually strains) The sound of a piece of music: the distant strains of the brass band grew louder
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Baraka here is particularly interested in the differing timbres or tones that the two strains of music produced.
  • In the Kiev Sports Palace gymnasium I watched Larissa go through her paces to the strains of music by Tchaikovsky.
  • A fan turns slowly overhead, keeping time with the strains of Latino music.
Sinónimos

Origen

Middle English (as a verb): from Old French estreindre, from Latin stringere 'draw tight'. Current senses of the noun arose in the mid 16th century.

Frases

at (full) strain

archaic Using the utmost effort.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Recovery of stored electrochemical energy should enable moderate efficiencies to be achieved even at full strain.
  • Operating an actuator of stack height at half its potential strain, compared to operating a stack of height at full strain, reduces power consumption by 50%.
  • The manager finds himself on-board a 24-foot boat, careening into a wave-whipping southeast wind, sailing full strain.

strain every nerve

see nerve.

strain at the leash

see leash.

Derivativos

strainable

adjetivo
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Soft bodies are manufactured from strainable cotton or velours material and can be washed off damp.
  • The pure aluminium is highly strainable and it induces a particularised texture, common to the material and to the used forming process.
  • It's also strainable for quick clean-up on the cage floor.

Definición de strain en:

Obtener más de Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribirse para eliminar anuncios y acceder a los recursos premium

Palabra del día antebellum
Pronunciación: ˌantɪˈbɛləm
adjective
occurring or existing before a particular war…

Hay 2 definiciones de strain en inglés:

strain2

Saltos de línea: strain
Pronunciación: /streɪn
 
/

sustantivo

1A particular breed, stock, or variety of an animal or plant.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Australia has been trying to breed better strains of plants and animals for ever.
  • Individual species are also becoming standardized, experts say, with cultivated strains of animals and plants ousting local varieties.
  • A survey of 13 domestic breeds and 3 inbred strains was carried out.
Sinónimos
1.1A natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Lesprit and coworkers investigated the impact of this system by comparing the virulence of two bacterial strains in a rat model of acute pneumonia.
  • Prevnar protects against seven strains of Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria.
  • When she went to hospital to have the wound examined she was informed that she was infected with a strain of staph bacteria, similar to the MRSA superbug.
1.2A variety of something abstract: a strain of feminist thought
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • There is a strain of feminism that encourages women to behave as if we have arrived in some feminist Utopia where rape is impossible.
  • What about the strain of radical feminism in the current government and the attitudes they create?
  • There's a strain of feminism that comes out of the women's health movement of the seventies that is deeply suspicious of reproductive technology.
Sinónimos
2A particular tendency as part of a person’s character: there was a powerful strain of insanity on her mother’s side of the family
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • These are two warring but important strains to the national character, at tension with each other.
  • Though not slapstick or of the knee-slapping variety, Hamer is droll and often wickedly subtle in his deadly strain of humour.
  • Tense, haunted and melancholy, the composer's dark vision was only relieved by a mordant strain of humour.
Sinónimos

Origen

Old English strīon 'acquisition, gain', of Germanic origin; related to Latin struere 'to build up'.

Definición de strain en: