Definición de epidemic en inglés:

epidemic

Silabificación: ep·i·dem·ic
Pronunciación: /ˌepəˈdemik
 
/

sustantivo

1A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time: a flu epidemic
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The hugely controversial contiguous cull of livestock to combat the foot-and-mouth epidemic was stoutly defended by the Government.
  • The current cholera epidemic sweeping the nation needs the urgent attention of both authorities and the affected communities.
  • I remembered hearing about the cholera epidemic which had struck just before I was born.
Sinónimos
1.1A disease occurring in such a way.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Rest assured that only on rare occasions do epidemics such as bubonic plague in India and diphtheria in Russia present a much more widespread threat.
  • He likened Aids to epidemics such as the bubonic plague, leprosy and smallpox, which ravaged parts of the world in previous historical epochs.
  • This neglect contributes to the emergence of public health crises, including epidemics like HIV, hepatitis, and drug-resistant tuberculosis.
1.2A sudden, widespread occurrence of a particular undesirable phenomenon: an epidemic of violent crime
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Hunger and oppression have spawned an epidemic of violent crime.
  • I do not mean that the recent phenomenon of substance abuse epidemics and passive welfare has turned good health into bad.
  • We have a sudden epidemic of obesity that has emerged over the past 15 years.
Sinónimos
spate, rash, wave, eruption, outbreak, craze; flood, torrent; upsurge, upturn, increase, growth, rise

adjetivo

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Of, relating to, or of the nature of an epidemic: shoplifting has reached epidemic proportions Compare with endemic, pandemic, epizootic.
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has reached epidemic proportions.
  • HIV has reached epidemic proportions in India.
  • Although Type 2 diabetes mellitus appears in almost epidemic proportions our knowledge of the mechanism of this disease is limited.
Sinónimos
rife, rampant, widespread, wide-ranging, extensive, pervasive; global, universal, ubiquitous; endemic, pandemic, epizootic

Origen

early 17th century (as an adjective): from French épidémique, from épidémie, via late Latin from Greek epidēmia 'prevalence of disease', from epidēmios 'prevalent', from epi 'upon' + dēmos 'the people'.

Uso

A disease that quickly and severely affects a large number of people and then subsides is an epidemic: throughout the Middle Ages, successive epidemics of the plague killed millions. Epidemic is also used as an adjective: she studied the causes of epidemic cholera. A disease that is continually present in an area and affects a relatively small number of people is endemic: malaria is endemic in (or to) hot, moist climates. A pandemic is a widespread epidemic that may affect entire continents or even the world: the pandemic of 1918 ushered in a period of frequent epidemics of gradually diminishing severity. Thus, from an epidemiologist’s point of view, the Black Death in Europe and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are pandemics rather than epidemics.

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Palabra del día keek
Pronunciación: kiːk
verb
peep surreptitiously