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excuse

División en sílabas: ex·cuse

Definición de excuse en inglés:

verbo

Pronunciación: /ikˈskyo͞oz
 
/
[with object]
1Attempt to lessen the blame attaching to (a fault or offense); seek to defend or justify: he did nothing to hide or excuse Jacob’s cruelty
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • There are prisoners from Louisiana excusing their crimes by blaming boredom.
  • Apart from our penchant for ritual, in matters of corruption it is our fondness of explaining and excusing the crime that is most visible.
  • Without the confession of faith we are bound to rationalize our actions, excuse our sins, and dodge the law's accusation.
Sinónimos
justify, defend, condone, vindicate;
forgive, overlook, disregard, ignore, tolerate, sanction
1.1Forgive (someone) for a fault or offense: you must excuse my sister he could be excused for feeling that he was born at the wrong time
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Looking at the world today and comparing the respective positions of education and catastrophe, one could be excused for thinking that education was lagging far behind.
  • Please excuse me for not telling you more than this.
  • Our party doesn't defend the corrupt or excuse them.
Sinónimos
forgive, pardon, absolve, exonerate, acquit
informal let someone off (the hook)
formal exculpate
1.2Overlook or forgive (a fault or offense): sit down—excuse the mess
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • I'm still fooling around with it, so please excuse the mess while we fix the place up.
  • I won't get to post until after I do Sunrise so newbie readers, excuse the mess.
  • She escorted the couple inside, told them to ‘please excuse the mess,’ and did the mini-tour.
1.3(Of a fact or circumstance) serve in mitigation of (a person or act): his ability excuses most of his faults
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • These groups are quick to point out that no one has yet been killed in one of their attacks, as if that fact somehow excuses their other criminal activity.
  • Lester's negativity is presumably excused by the fact that when he did care about a band, he like really cared man.
  • The first film's rather subdued acting could be excused by the fact that it had had to set the scene, give the background to the few people who'd never heard of the stories.
2Release (someone) from a duty or requirement: it will not be possible to excuse you from jury duty
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Thankfully, I was excused from jury duty this time.
  • Eventually, much to my surprise, once Siana was about 8 months pregnant, Mary excused her from her duties so she could rest.
  • I would like to request that Elizabeth be excused from her usual duties.
Sinónimos
2.1(Used in polite formulas) allow (someone) to leave a room or gathering: now, if you’ll excuse us, we have to be getting along
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Twenty minutes later all tests had been handed in and Hector excused us from the room as the bell rang, announcing the start of a break between classes.
  • We went on and on for another hour and once again, right on time, Nurse Patz entered the room to excuse my father and send Maggie in.
  • After she was finished, I excused her from my room, and sat beside Asona.
2.2 (excuse oneself) Say politely that one is leaving.
Example sentences
  • He politely excuses himself, explaining that he hasn't slept a wink in the past two days.
  • And we politely excused ourselves and scheduled another date for that shoot.
  • I politely excuse myself and scurry out the door feeling like a guilty and confused child who's just walked in on something they don't quite understand and somehow feel bad about.
2.3 (be excused) (Used especially by school pupils) be allowed to leave the room, especially to go to the bathroom: please, can I be excused?
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • He asked to be excused from the class for a moment and exited the room.

sustantivo

Pronunciación: /ikˈskyo͞os
 
/
Volver al principio  
1A reason or explanation put forward to defend or justify a fault or offense: there can be no possible excuse for any further delay no one will have the excuse that they didn’t know
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Outsiders, when brought before the court on charges of drunkenness, invariably pleaded to drinking too much of the local cider as the excuse for their offences.
  • What was my excuse for being absent the last day?
  • However, there's also a statutory defence for the defence to show that they had a reasonable excuse for failing to turn up.
Sinónimos
1.1A reason put forward to conceal the real reason for an action; a pretext: they use their hunting as an excuse to get away from the womenfolk
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Cynics advanced the view that the police attitude was merely an excuse and that the real reason was the fear that the hoped-for field would not materialise.
  • Students also believed their colleagues use age as an excuse to mask their real reasons for not returning to school, whatever those reasons might be.
  • The usual excuse is put forward - it will provide more jobs.
Sinónimos
pretext, ostensible reason, pretense
informal story, alibi
2 (an excuse for) informal A poor or inadequate example of: that pathetic excuse for a man!
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Aye, we're a poor, pathetic wee excuse for a nation right enough.
  • They're all bands that you've never heard of, you poor excuse of an indie music listener!
  • That good for nothing, poor excuse of a human being.
Sinónimos
travesty of, poor specimen of
informal apology for

Origen

Middle English: from Old French escuser (verb), from Latin excusare 'to free from blame', from ex- 'out' + causa 'accusation, cause'.

More
  • This comes via Old French from Latin excusare ‘to free from blame’, from ex- ‘out’ and causa ‘accusation, cause’.

Frases

excuse me

1
Said politely in various contexts, for example when attempting to get someone’s attention, asking someone to move so that one may pass, or interrupting or disagreeing with a speaker.
Example sentences
  • Now in 99% of cases with the subway as packed as it was someone would enter, say excuse me and make her move her bag.
  • They are all up in my personal space so I say excuse me and move away but they keep looking at me.
  • When he finished eating, he stood up with a small polite excuse me and placed his dish in the sink, quickly heading up to Wes' room.
North American 1.1 Said when asking someone to repeat what they have just said.

make one's excuses

2
Say politely that one is leaving or cannot be present.
Example sentences
  • I presumed you would politely make your excuses and leave, the moment my world became calm, normal, mundane.
  • I politely made my excuses as I headed off leaving the two gents of the night to their business.
  • Amanda in that moment made her excuses and politely left the room.

Derivados

excusatory

1
Pronunciación: /-zəˌtôrē/
adjetivo
Example sentences
  • He has started rationalizing and making excusatory comments for the Dems.
  • Only these creatures would apply an excusatory tone to the release of product shipment figures that show a significant increase in sales.
  • It is one thing to leave the rules open-ended when persons are unlikely to rely on them (as with the excusatory defences discussed in Chapter 6), although even there the value of consistent judicial decisions should not be overlooked.

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Pronunciación: ˈɛmjʊləs
adjective
seeking to emulate someone or something