sustantivo (plural hernias or herniae /-nēˌē/)
A condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity containing it (often involving the intestine at a weak point in the abdominal wall).
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- The pain can also result from structural conditions, such as localized endometriosis or rectus sheath hematoma, or from incisional or other abdominal wall hernias.
- Umbilical hernias, omphaloceles, and gastroschisis usually are apparent on gross inspection.
- Laparoscopic procedures result in fewer wound complications and incision hernias than traditional abdominal surgery.
late Middle English: from Latin.
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- Prior to this Claudius Amyand, physician to Queen Anne, in 1736 successfully removed an acutely inflamed appendix from inside the hernial sac of a young boy.
- The hernial sac may additionally provide a sump of gastric contents available for reflux once the lower oesophageal sphincter relaxes.
- Laparoscopy enables hernial orifices to be observed and tension-free mesh repair to be carried out effectively.