Share this entry

Share this page

hypertonic

División en sílabas: hy·per·ton·ic
Pronunciación: /ˌhīpərˈtänik
 
/

Definición de hypertonic en inglés:

adjetivo

1Having increased pressure or tone, in particular.
Example sentences
  • Increasing concentrations of hypertonic saline were administered, each for 5 minutes.
  • She was treated with topical corticosteroids, ofloxacin, and a 5% sodium chloride hypertonic solution.
  • The use of hypertonic mannitol to treat severe cerebral edema is at the physician's discretion.
1.1 Biology Having a higher osmotic pressure than a particular fluid, typically a body fluid or intracellular fluid.
Example sentences
  • Vasopressin continued to act in patients excreting isotonic or hypertonic urine, so hypotonic intake must be avoided in them.
  • In hypertonic syndromes the brain compensates by increasing osmoles in the brain cells.
  • Neurologically they are hypertonic and may have frequent episodes of apnea.
1.2 Physiology Of or in a state of abnormally high muscle tone.
Example sentences
  • Whilst the muscles are not necessarily hypertonic in osteoporosis they are likely to have undergone fibrotic changes.
  • When the nervous system becomes involved, the muscle tendon bundles remain hypertonic and pain reflexes in the area are activated.

Derivados

hypertonia

1
Pronunciación: /-ˈtōnēə/
sustantivo
Example sentences
  • The springs in this territory are also of a great help in curing cardiovascular diseases like hypertonia.
  • Massive overdose can bring about ginseng abuse syndrome, which is characterized by hypertension, insomnia, hypertonia, and edema.
  • If the patient survives the initial episode, the disorder leads to severe mental and motor retardation, growth failure, hypertonia and seizures.

hypertonicity

2
Pronunciación: /ˌhīpərtəˈnisitē/
sustantivo
Example sentences
  • The hypertonicity of the radiopaque agent draws fluid into the bowel to facilitate passage and expulsion of the tenacious meconium.
  • Infant colic is characterized by excessive and inconsolable crying, hypertonicity, and wakefulness, mainly in the evening.
  • This vicious cycle forces the fissure open and prevents healing, which in turn exacerbates the sphincter hypertonicity.

Definición de hypertonic en:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

¿Qué te llama la atención de esta palabra o frase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Obtenga más de Oxford Dictionaries

Suscribirse para eliminar anuncios y acceder a los recursos premium

Palabra del día cumbersome
Pronunciación: ˈkʌmbəs(ə)m
adjective
large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry…