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spirit

División en sílabas: spir·it
Pronunciación: /ˈspirit
 
/

Definición de spirit en inglés:

sustantivo

1The nonphysical part of a person that is the seat of emotions and character; the soul: we seek a harmony between body and spirit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • I believe in this way that the soul/spirit is reflected by the body, that the soul gives life to the body and without a spirit or soul the body and brain are dead.
  • No doubt you've guessed that I think I believe in reincarnation - the doctrine of the rebirth of the spirit / soul in different bodies.
  • And most amazing, we get to receive the Eucharist into our spirits, souls and bodies.
Sinónimos
soul, psyche, (inner) self, inner being, inner man/woman, mind, ego, id;
Philosophy pneuma
1.1The nonphysical part of a person regarded as a person’s true self and as capable of surviving physical death or separation: a year after he left, his spirit is still present
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • YET I remained basically sceptical when it came to the idea that the spirit survives death.
  • If something survives, if a spirit continues, it sure isn't me.
  • According to spiritualists, the spirit dwells in the physical body, but can leave it temporarily or permanently.
1.2The nonphysical part of a person manifested as an apparition after their death; a ghost.
Example sentences
  • In this sense, ‘ghosts’ mean the spirits, the apparition of the dead or the devils.
  • Men in the mode of goodness worship the demigods; those in the mode of passion worship the demons; and those in the mode of ignorance worship ghosts and spirits.
  • The movie Ghost also involves spirits who have unfinished business on planet Earth, but in this case, the ghost is here to assist the living.
Sinónimos
1.3A supernatural being: shrines to nature spirits
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The kami can be likened to nature spirits, and Shinto shrines are usually found in areas of natural beauty.
  • Surya, God of the Sun, is worshiped and the nature spirits are thanked.
  • The Japanese culture and arts have been strongly influenced by a wide-spread belief in ghosts, demons and supernatural spirits.
1.4 (the Spirit) short for Holy Spirit.
Example sentences
  • They do not see the cross, and so they do not see the kingdom of God and new life in the Spirit.
  • If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.
  • The Spirit frees the Father to let the Son go, and so actually to love him.
1.5 archaic A highly refined substance or fluid thought to govern vital phenomena.
Example sentences
  • For it, he drew once again on Harvey's discovery of the circulation of the blood, and proposed that it was one part of a complicated system involving animal and vital spirits.
  • I am exceedingly melancholy of complexion, subject to consumptions and chilliness of my vital spirits, a slavish and sickly life being allotted to me in his city.
  • It passes from the liver to the heart where it revitalises the vital spirit and to brain where it revitalises the animal spirits.
2 [in singular] Those qualities regarded as forming the definitive or typical elements in the character of a person, nation, or group or in the thought and attitudes of a particular period: the university is a symbol of the nation’s egalitarian spirit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • We have despatched a wealth of business together over a short period in a spirit of optimism.
  • It was a change in attitude, a spirit of openness and mutual trust because that clearly was at the crux of the matter.
  • The perception, he admits, might be that government is handing down what is right for people, and an election gives an opportunity to listen to people in a spirit of humility.
Sinónimos
ethos, prevailing tendency, motivating force, essence, quintessence;
atmosphere, mood, feeling, climate;
attitudes, beliefs, principles, standards, ethics
2.1 [with adjective] A person identified with their most prominent mental or moral characteristics or with their role in a group or movement: he was a leading spirit in the conference
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • He has demonstrated quality leadership, and embodies both entrepreneurial spirit and business excellence.
  • This revolutionary spirit is not just about changing the world, but also about what Jim calls ‘tuning people's ears to poetry.’
  • Lucy herself is a powerful character, an independent spirit with a thirst for revenge that threatens to consume her.
2.2A specified emotion or mood, especially one prevailing at a particular time: I hope the team will build on this spirit of confidence
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The greatest enemy in York was not the Tories but the ‘prevailing spirit of apathy’, he told them.
  • But Mike, whose spirit of fair play always prevails in the end, couldn't let it stand.
  • He rejects the use of force, as inapplicable to the ‘fierce spirit of liberty’ prevailing in the English colonies.
2.3 (spirits) A person’s mood: the warm weather lifted everyone’s spirits after the winter
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • As the bell rang for us to get out of class, I got up from my seat, my spirits actually higher than they were before.
  • True, her spirits had been higher than usual, but she couldn't pinpoint an exact event that had caused them to be so.
  • It was a real boost to the spirits, as was the coffee and cake I had at a patisserie afterwards.
Sinónimos
mood, frame of mind, state of mind, emotional state, humor, temper
2.4The quality of courage, energy, and determination or assertiveness: his visitors admired his spirit and good temper
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Swans have shown great spirit, courage, determination and team unity this year but the most important ingredient to the Swans outfit has been an increase in skill.
  • As these and dozens of other contributions came in from people all over the world who had met Peter and admired his spirit and energy, his family had to take up where he left off.
  • The Chelsea coach had commented that his team are far behind Manchester United ‘not in terms of quality but in terms of spirit and determination’.
Sinónimos
2.5The attitude or intentions with which someone undertakes or regards something: he confessed in a spirit of self-respect, not defiance
Sinónimos
attitude, frame of mind, way of thinking, point of view, outlook, thoughts, ideas
2.6The real meaning or the intention behind something as opposed to its strict verbal interpretation: the rule had been broken in spirit if not in letter
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The show, which has been running in Athy for almost ten years, unites the town into the real spirit and meaning of Christmas.
  • Despite being old, this definition gives the spirit behind the discipline.
  • The spirit and intent of this rule dovetails with the interpretation of rule 21.02 I have suggested.
Sinónimos
real/true meaning, true intention, essence, substance
3 (usually spirits) Strong distilled liquor such as brandy, whiskey, gin, or rum.
Example sentences
  • The type of alcohol ranged from beers, lagers and cider to spirits, wine and designer drinks such as Hooch, Bacardi Breezers and Maverick Ice.
  • Most of them are used to mature spirits: various brandies, rums, and whiskies.
  • It is the home of a drinking establishment known as the Old Devil Inn, purveyors of strong ales, stronger spirits and artery-clogging pub food.
Sinónimos
strong liquor/drink
informal hard stuff, firewater, hooch
3.1 [with modifier] A volatile liquid, especially a fuel, prepared by distillation: aviation spirit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In recent years, however, and mostly in urban areas, high - octane fuel and methylated spirit have been added to enhance potency.
  • The tanker he was driving was carrying more than 32,000 litres of petroleum spirit and 5,000 litres of diesel fuel.
  • In January 1929, for instance, only two loaded vessels arrived, one with petroleum spirit from Liverpool and the other with cement from London.
3.2 archaic A solution of volatile components extracted from something, typically by distillation or by solution in alcohol: spirits of turpentine
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Spots on all finishes except lacquer can be treated with a cloth dampened with spirits of camphor, essence of peppermint or oil of wintergreen.

verbo (spirits, spiriting, spirited)

[with object] Volver al principio  
Convey rapidly and secretly: stolen cows were spirited away some distance to prevent detection
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Frank rescues the couple and their about-to-be born child, spiriting them to a secret home deep in the woods, where their child will join two others that have been saved.
  • Shaggy's enjoyed our fair share of kind offers to have our anatomy enlarged, become an ordained minister online or join a deceased dictator's family in spiriting millions of dollars out of Africa.
  • A spokesman for Caritas said simply, ‘most of them are reducing their staff as much as possible’ and spiriting them out to safety.

Origen

Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French, from Latin spiritus 'breath, spirit', from spirare 'breathe'.

Frases

enter into the spirit

1
Join wholeheartedly in an event, especially one of celebration and festivity: he entered into the spirit of the occasion by dressing as a Pierrot
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • Schoolchildren in North Craven are entering into the spirit of Comic Relief with various fundraising events.
  • It's not just about money, it's about entering into the spirit across the nation.
  • These youths were not entering into the spirit of Halloween but just causing anti-social behaviour and it is particularly frightening for elderly people.

in (or in the) spirit

2
In thought or intention though not physically: he couldn’t be here in person, but he is with us in spirit
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • In other words, they might be in France physically but in spirit they might be as well be in Saudi Arabia.
  • Wick had hoped he'd at least have Jared backing him up, either physically or in spirit.
  • "The fallen are here in spirit with us today," said the VFW member, who served in the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

out of spirits

3
Sad; discouraged: I was too tired and out of spirits to eat or drink much
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • ‘You do seem a little out of spirits today, Wendy,’ he said and smiled.
  • It certainly did seem rather dull and out of spirits.
  • Poole confesses that Dr. Jekyll is constantly confined to the laboratory and is often out of spirits.

the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak

4
proverb Someone has good intentions but fails to live up to them.
[with biblical allusion to Matt. 26:41]
Example sentences
  • When the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak, let these 100% cotton panties do the talking for you, ‘What Would Jesus Do?’
  • Who knows, the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak and again subject to pain in the nether regions from the saddle.
  • On the contrary, it is an all too common experience that your evaluative commitments lead you on one path but that you go nonetheless on another: the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.

when the spirit moves someone

5
When someone feels inclined to do something: he can be quite candid when the spirit moves him
[a phrase originally in Quaker use, with reference to the Holy Spirit]
Más ejemplos en oraciones
  • The Rams can still move the ball in explosive fashion when the spirit moves them, but their weak defense and special teams and front-office paranoia are major detriments.
  • But when the spirit moves you, you respond: A group of women suddenly sat down on the road in a line clear across the street and completely blocked all passage of cars.
  • The two nameless pieces of Duh are built out of guitars, samples, amplifier hums, drum machines, effects processors, and, when the spirit moves them, garbled screaming.

the spirit world

6
(In animistic and occult belief) the nonphysical realm in which disembodied spirits have their existence.
Example sentences
  • Many, he said, were attracted to the occult simply by curiosity, and then by a desire to investigate the proof it offered of the existence of the spirit world.
  • Korean shamans communicated with the spirit world.
  • Jesus is now a spirit that one can communicate with in the spirit world.

Verbos con partícula

spirit someone up

1
archaic Stimulate, animate, or cheer up someone.
Example sentences
  • Teatime, even just to indulge in the pervasive smell of Blue Mountain or Santos coffee will spirit you up.
  • Therefore, you can have the initiative: show him you appreciate him, make him feel safe and try to spirit him up.
  • Our teachers might sometimes ask Frank to entertain all of the class to spirit us up.

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Palabra del día orthoepy
Pronunciación: ˈɔːθəʊɛpi
noun
the correct or accepted pronunciation of words