- 1 uncountable/no numerable 1.1 [Military/Militar] defensa (feminine) Secretary of Defense (in US) Ministro, (masculine, feminine) or (Mexico/México) Secretario, (masculine, feminine) de Defensa (before noun/delante del nombre) [spending] de defensa Defence Minister (in UK) Ministro, (masculine, feminine) or (Mexico/México) Secretario, (masculine, feminine) de Defensa 1.2 (on personal level) defensa (feminine) to come to sb's defense salir* or acudir en defensa de algn the old man didn't put up much of a defense against the muggers el anciano no opuso mucha resistencia a los asaltantes
- 3(defenses plural)[Medicine/Medicina] [Military/Militar] [Psychology/Psicología] defensas (feminine plural) the body's defenses las defensas del organismo to lower o drop one's defenses bajar la guardia I wore down his defenses conseguí que bajara la guardia
- 4 countable/numerable [Law/Derecho] defensa (feminine) the accused will conduct his own defense el acusado se hará cargo de or llevará su propia defensa ignorance of the law is no defense la ignorancia de la ley no exime de su cumplimiento the defense la defensa (before noun/delante del nombre) defense counsel abogado defensor, (masculine, feminine) defense witness testigo (masculine and feminine) de la defensa
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.