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hardened

Pronunciación: /ˈhɑːrdnd; ˈhɑːdnd/

Traducción de hardened en español:

adjective/adjetivo

  • 1 (made harder) [steel] templado
    Example sentences
    • The same mix characteristics that make it hard for water to penetrate into the hardened concrete make it tough for the bleed water to get out.
    • It was still hard, but the hardened clay came off a little.
    • A mouthpiece is made for the instrument of gum or hardened wax.
  • 2 2.1 (seasoned) [troops/veterans] curtido (en el combate) to be hardened to sth estar* acostumbrado or hecho a algo
    Example sentences
    • But I am a hardened, experienced and seasoned reporter and I have been around long enough not to be taken in by appearances.
    • ‘We might not have any superstars, but our current team has plenty of hardened experience’, explains secretary John Downie.
    • The experiences kind of hardened us against the club, and it is actually only in the last week, with what has happened to them, that our members have been discussing them.
    2.2 (inveterate) (before noun/delante del nombre) [sinner/drinker] empedernido; [criminal] habitual
    Example sentences
    • This was especially so in a penal colony where many of the convicts were hardened criminals and many of the free settlers were themselves ex-convicts and impulsive men.
    • We did run into a few scary guys, but with the majority of them it was almost impossible to see them as hardened criminals.
    • And we're dealing with a real hardened criminal that's violated, I believe, just about every international law.

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Dato cultural del día

Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.