- [pain/damage] causar, ocasionar, inferir* [formal]; [punishment] imponer*, aplicar*, infligir*to inflict sth
onsb/sth the suffering which he inflicted on his family el sufrimiento que le causó or ocasionó or [formal] infirió a su familia he would never forgive the indignities inflicted on him nunca perdonaría las vejaciones de las que había sido objeto or que le habían infligido we didn't expect to inflict such an overwhelming defeat on them no esperábamos infligirles una derrota tan aplastante heavy penalties were inflicted on them se les aplicaron or se les impusieron penas severas she inflicted her company on us nos impuso su presencia, se nos pegó [familiar/colloquial]
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
A gitano is a member of Spain's gypsy community. Gypsies often live in camps and retain their nomadic habits. They have preserved many of their customs and do not usually integrate into the mainstream of Spanish society. Their language is caló. Gypsies have been a great influence on flamenco, and many of the best performers are gypsies.