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-al US English

(Forming adjectives) relating to; of the kind of

Al US English

The chemical element aluminum

AL US English

Alabama (in official postal use)

al- US English

Variant spelling of ad- assimilated before -l (as in alleviate, allocate).

al dente US English

(Of food, typically pasta) cooked so as to be still firm when bitten

al fresco US English

In the open air

aluminum US English

The chemical element of atomic number 13, a light silvery-gray metal

Al in aluminum US English

The chemical element of atomic number 13, a light silvery-gray metal

Ras al-Khaimah US English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 171,900 (est. 2009). It joined the United Arab Emirates in 1972, after the British withdrew from the Persian Gulf

Rub' al-Khali US English

A vast desert in the Arabian peninsula that extends from central Saudi Arabia south to Yemen and east to the United Arab Emirates and Oman. It is also known as the Great Sandy Desert and the Empty Quarter

Shatt al-Arab US English

A river in southwestern Asia that is formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and flows 120 miles (195 km) through southeastern Iraq to the Persian Gulf. Its lower course forms the border between Iraq and Iran

et al. US English

And others (used especially in referring to academic books or articles that have more than one author)

Tarabulus al-Gharb US English

Arabic name for Tripoli111.

Umm al-Qaiwain US English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 69,900 (est. 2009)

Al in Unser US English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

Al-Anon US English

A mutual support organization for the families and friends of alcoholics, especially those of members of Alcoholics Anonymous

al-Qods US English

The Arabic name for Jerusalem

Capp, Al US English

(1909–79), US cartoonist; born Alfred Gerald Caplin. He was noted for his satirical comic strip “Li’l Abner,” which appeared in North American newspapers from 1934 to 1977

Gore, Al US English

(1948-), US vice president 1993–2001; full name Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. A Tennessee Democrat, he served in the US House of Representatives 1977–85 and US Senate 1985–93. He lost the 2000 presidential bid to George W. Bush in one of the closest and most controversial elections in US history. His book An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It (2006) was highly influential. Nobel Peace Prize (2007, shared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

Hirt, Al US English

(1922–99) US trumpeter; full name Alois Maxwell Hirt. At first noted for his Dixieland jazz, he later, during the 1960s, turned to playing more nonjazz music, such as in his Grammy-winning song “Java” (1964). From the 1970s he was based in New Orleans, his hometown, and performed in his own nightclub when not on tour. Albums of his music put together after his death include Music to Watch Girls By (2000) and Cocktail Hour (2000)

al-Fatah US English

See Fatah.

al-Jizah US English

Arabic name for Giza.

al-Nakba US English

The Arabic term for the events of 1948, when many Palestinians were displaced from their homeland by the creation of the new state of Israel

al-Qaeda US English

A militant Islamic fundamentalist group

al-Qahira US English

Arabic name for Cairo.

al-Uqsur US English

Arabic name for Luxor.

Capone, Al US English

(1899–1947), US gangster; full name Alphonse Capone. He was notorious for his domination of organized crime in Chicago in the 1920s. Although he was believed responsible for many murders, including the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, it was for federal income tax evasion that he was eventually imprisoned in 1931

Pacino, Al US English

(1940-), US movie actor; full name Alfred James Pacino. Notable movies: The Godfather (1972), Serpico (1973), The Godfather Part II (1974), Scarface (1983), Scent of a Woman (1992), Carlito’s Way (1993), and Ocean’s Thirteen (2007)

Jolson, Al US English

(1886–1950), US singer, movie actor, and comedian; born Asa Yoelson in Russia. He made the Gershwin song “Swanee” his trademark and appeared in the first full-length talking movie, The Jazz Singer, in 1927

Oerter, Al US English

(1936–2007), US track and field athlete; full name Alfred Adolf Oerter, Jr. He established an Olympic record for consecutive gold medals, winning the discus throw in the four Olympic games from 1956 to 1968

al-Hudayda US English

Arabic name for Hodeida.

al-Madinah US English

Arabic name for Medina.

Assad, Hafiz al- US English

(1930–2000), Syrian statesman; president 1971–2000. While in office, he ensured the strengthening of Syria’s oil-based economy and suppressed political opposition such as the uprising of Muslim extremists (1979–82). He supported the coalition forces during the 1991 Gulf War. His son Bashar al-Assad (1965-) succeeded him in 2000

Gaddafi, Mu'ammer al- US English

(1942–2011), Libyan statesman; head of state 1970–2011. After leading a coup that overthrew King Idris in 1969, he established the Libyan Arab Republic and pursued a policy of Islamic fundamentalism blended with Arab nationalism. Accused of supporting international terrorism and wanted by the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity, he was deposed in August 2011. He was later captured and killed by Libyan revolutionaries

el-Uqsur US English

Arabic name for Luxor.

al-Uqsur in el-Uqsur US English

Arabic name for Luxor.

Fatah US English

A Palestinian political and military organization founded in 1958 by Yasser Arafat and others to bring about the establishment of a Palestinian state. It dominated the Palestine Liberation Organization from the 1960s, but more recently has been challenged by more extreme groups, and in 2006 was defeated by Hamas in the elections for the Palestinian National Authority

al-Fatah in Fatah US English

A Palestinian political and military organization founded in 1958 by Yasser Arafat and others to bring about the establishment of a Palestinian state. It dominated the Palestine Liberation Organization from the 1960s, but more recently has been challenged by more extreme groups, and in 2006 was defeated by Hamas in the elections for the Palestinian National Authority

Al, Jr. in Unser US English

Al, Jr. (1962-), Al’s son; full name Alfred Unser, Jr. Indy 500 champion 1992, 1994

Fujairah US English

One of the seven member states of the United Arab Emirates; population 107,900 (est. 2009)

al-Abbas in Abbasid US English

Of or relating to a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258

Harun ar-Rashid US English

(763–809), fifth Abbasid caliph of Baghdad 786–809

Haroun-al-Raschid in Harun ar-Rashid US English

(763–809), fifth Abbasid caliph of Baghdad 786–809

Bashar al-Assad in Assad, Hafiz al- US English

(1930–2000), Syrian statesman; president 1971–2000. While in office, he ensured the strengthening of Syria’s oil-based economy and suppressed political opposition such as the uprising of Muslim extremists (1979–82). He supported the coalition forces during the 1991 Gulf War. His son Bashar al-Assad (1965-) succeeded him in 2000

Abdullah II US English

(1962-), king of Jordan since 1999; full name Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein. The son of King Hussein, he maintained a moderate political stance and initiated economic reforms

Karim al-Hussain Shah in Aga Khan US English

The title of the spiritual leader of the Nizari sect of Ismaili Muslims. The first Aga Khan was given his title in 1818 by the shah of Persia. The present (fourth) Aga Khan (Karim al-Hussain Shah, b.1937) inherited the title in 1957

Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia US English

A country in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea and extending south into the Sahara Desert; population 10,486,300 (est. 2009); capital, Tunis; language, Arabic (official)

Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat in Sadat, Anwar US English

(1918–81), Egyptian statesman; president 1970–81; full name Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat. He worked to achieve peace in the Middle East, visiting Israel in 1977 and attending talks with Menachim Begin at Camp David in 1978. He was assassinated by members of the Islamic Jihad. Nobel Peace Prize (1978), shared with Begin

Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein in Abdullah II US English

(1962-), king of Jordan since 1999; full name Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein. The son of King Hussein, he maintained a moderate political stance and initiated economic reforms

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab in Wahhabi US English

A member of a strictly orthodox Sunni Muslim sect founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703–92). It advocates a return to the early Islam of the Koran and Sunna, rejecting later innovations; the sect is still the predominant religious force in Saudi Arabia


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