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Alfred US English

(849–99), king of Wessex 871–899; known as Alfred the Great. His military resistance saved southwestern England from Viking occupation

Alfred in Ritz Brothers US English

A US song-and-dance comedy trio. The act, developed in 1925, consisted of the Joachim brothers Alfred (1901–65), Jimmy (1904–85), and Harry (1907–86). They appeared in such movies as Sing, Baby, Sing (1936), On the Avenue (1937), and Kentucky Moonshine (1938). After 1965, Jimmy and Harry performed as a duo until 1978

Adler, Alfred US English

(1870–1937), Austrian psychologist and psychiatrist. Adler disagreed with Freud’s idea that mental illness was caused by sexual conflicts in infancy, arguing that society and culture were significant factors. He introduced the concept of the inferiority complex

Binet, Alfred US English

(1857–1911), French psychologist. He devised a mental age scale that described performance in relation to the average performance of students of the same physical age. With psychiatrist Théodore Simon (1873–1961), he was responsible for a pioneering system of intelligence tests

Deakin, Alfred US English

(1856–1919), Australian Liberal statesman, Prime Minister 1903-4, 1905-8, and 1909–10

Jarry, Alfred US English

(1873–1907), French playwright. His satirical farce Ubu Roi (1896) anticipated surrealism and the Theater of the Absurd

Kinsey, Alfred US English

(1894–1956), US zoologist and sex researcher; full name Alfred Charles Kinsey. He carried out pioneering studies on sexual behavior by interviewing large numbers of people. His best-known work, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948, also known as the Kinsey Report), was controversial but highly influential

Krupp, Alfred US English

(1812–87), German arms manufacturer. His company was a major arms producer for Germany from the 1840s through the end of World War II

Molina, Alfred US English

(1953-), British actor. Notable films include Enchanted April (1992), Chocolat (2000), and Frida (2002). He received a Tony nomination for his performance in Broadway’s Fiddler on the Roof (2004)

Moore, Alfred US English

(1755–1810), US Supreme Court associate justice 1799–1804. A native of North Carolina, he was appointed to the Court by President John Adams

Sisley, Alfred US English

(1839–99), French painter, of English descent. He is chiefly remembered for his impressionist paintings of the countryside around Paris in the 1870s

Werner, Alfred US English

(1866–1919), Swiss chemist, born in France. He showed that stereochemistry was general to the whole of chemistry and was a pioneer in the study of coordination compounds. Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1913)

Dreyfus, Alfred US English

(1859–1935), French army officer. In 1894, he was falsely accused of providing military secrets to the Germans; his trial and imprisonment caused a major political crisis in France. He was eventually fully exonerated in 1906

Tennyson, Alfred US English

1st Baron Tennyson of Aldworth and Freshwater (1809–92), English poet; poet laureate from 1850. His reputation was established by In Memoriam (1850), a long poem concerned with immortality, change, and evolution. Other notable works: “The Charge of the Light Brigade” (1854) and Idylls of the King (1859)

Eisenstaedt, Alfred US English

(1898–1995), US photojournalist; born in Dirschau, Germany (now part of Poland). He was one of the original photographers for Life magazine 1936–72

Stieglitz, Alfred US English

(1864–1946), US photographer; husband of Georgia O’Keeffe. He pioneered the establishment of photography as a fine art in the US. He gained an international reputation in the 1890s when he experimented with such innovations as night-time photography

Waterhouse, Alfred US English

(1830–1905), English architect. His designs include the Manchester Assize courts (1859) and Town Hall (1869–77), and the Natural History Museum in London (1873–81)

Knopf, Alfred A. US English

(1892–1984) US publisher; full name Alfred Abraham Knopf. He founded Alfred A. Knopf, a publishing firm, in 1915

Hitchcock, Sir Alfred US English

(1899–1980), English movie director; full name Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock. Acclaimed in Britain for movies such as The Thirty-Nine Steps (1935), he moved to Hollywood in 1939. Among his later works, notable for their suspense and their technical ingenuity, are the thrillers Strangers on a Train (1951), Psycho (1960), and The Birds (1963)

Smith, Alfred Emanuel US English

(1873–1944), US politician. He served as governor of New York 1919–20 and 1923–28 and was a Democratic presidential candidate in 1928, losing to Republican Herbert Hoover

Vigny, Alfred Victor US English

Comte de (1797–1863), French poet, novelist, and playwright. His poetry reveals his faith in “man’s unconquerable mind.”

Nobel, Alfred Bernhard US English

(1833–96), Swedish chemist, engineer, and philanthropist. He invented dynamite in 1866, making a large fortune that enabled him to endow the prizes that bear his name

Wallace, Alfred Russel US English

(1823–1913), English naturalist; a founder of zoogeography

Wegener, Alfred Lothar US English

(1880–1930), German meteorologist and geologist. He was the first serious proponent of the theory of continental drift

Whitehead, Alfred North US English

(1861–1947), English philosopher and mathematician. He is remembered chiefly for Principia Mathematica (1910–13), on which he collaborated with his student Bertrand Russell

Van Allen, James Alfred US English

(1914–2006), US physicist. He used balloons and rockets to study cosmic radiation in the upper atmosphere and showed that specific zones of high radiation were the result of charged particles from the solar wind being trapped in two belts around the earth

Unser US English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

Northcliffe, 1st Viscount US English

(1865–1922), British newspaper proprietor; born Alfred Charles William Harmsworth. He built up a large newspaper empire, including The Times, the Daily Mail, and the Daily Mirror

Alfred Unser in Unser US English

Al (1939-), Bobby’s brother; full name Alfred Unser. Indy 500 champion 1970, 1971, 1978, 1987

Kilmer, Joyce US English

(1888–1918) US poet; full name Alfred Joyce Kilmer. He was killed in action during World War I. His poetry is collected in Summer of Love (1911) and Trees and Other Poems (1914)

Alfred Hawthorne in Hill, Benny US English

(1925–92), English comedian; born Alfred Hawthorne. His risqué humor, as seen in the series The Benny Hill Show (1957–66), had an international appeal

Landon, Alf US English

(1887–1987), US politician; full name Alfred Mossman Landon. The governor of Kansas 1933–37, he was the unsuccessful Republican presidential candidate in 1936, losing to Franklin D. Roosevelt

Alfred the Great in Alfred US English

(849–99), king of Wessex 871–899; known as Alfred the Great. His military resistance saved southwestern England from Viking occupation

Alfred Jules Ayer in Ayer, Sir A. J. US English

(1910–89), English philosopher; full name Alfred Jules Ayer. He was an important proponent of logical positivism. Notable works: Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956)

Alfred Unser, Jr in Unser US English

Al, Jr. (1962-), Al’s son; full name Alfred Unser, Jr. Indy 500 champion 1992, 1994

Oerter, Al US English

(1936–2007), US track and field athlete; full name Alfred Adolf Oerter, Jr. He established an Olympic record for consecutive gold medals, winning the discus throw in the four Olympic games from 1956 to 1968

Alfred Gerald Caplin in Capp, Al US English

(1909–79), US cartoonist; born Alfred Gerald Caplin. He was noted for his satirical comic strip “Li’l Abner,” which appeared in North American newspapers from 1934 to 1977

Alfred Alistair Cooke in Cooke, Alistair US English

(1908–2004), British journalist and broadcaster; in the US from 1937; full name Alfred Alistair Cooke. His BBC broadcasts of “Letter from America” began in 1946 and continued until shortly before his death. He hosted Omnibus on CBS 1952–60 and Masterpiece Theatre on PBS 1971–92

James Alfred Wight in Herriot, James US English

(1916–1995), English short-story writer and veterinary surgeon; pseudonym of James Alfred Wight. His experiences as a veterinarian inspired a series of stories including All Creatures Great and Small (1972)

Alfred Edward Housman in Housman, A. E. US English

(1859–1936), English poet and classical scholar; full name Alfred Edward Housman. He is chiefly remembered for his poems collected in A Shropshire Lad (1896)

Alfred Joyce Kilmer in Kilmer, Joyce US English

(1888–1918) US poet; full name Alfred Joyce Kilmer. He was killed in action during World War I. His poetry is collected in Summer of Love (1911) and Trees and Other Poems (1914)

Alfred Charles Kinsey in Kinsey, Alfred US English

(1894–1956), US zoologist and sex researcher; full name Alfred Charles Kinsey. He carried out pioneering studies on sexual behavior by interviewing large numbers of people. His best-known work, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948, also known as the Kinsey Report), was controversial but highly influential

Alfred Abraham Knopf in Knopf, Alfred A. US English

(1892–1984) US publisher; full name Alfred Abraham Knopf. He founded Alfred A. Knopf, a publishing firm, in 1915

Alfred Mossman Landon in Landon, Alf US English

(1887–1987), US politician; full name Alfred Mossman Landon. The governor of Kansas 1933–37, he was the unsuccessful Republican presidential candidate in 1936, losing to Franklin D. Roosevelt

Alfred James Pacino in Pacino, Al US English

(1940-), US movie actor; full name Alfred James Pacino. Notable movies: The Godfather (1972), Serpico (1973), The Godfather Part II (1974), Scarface (1983), Scent of a Woman (1992), Carlito’s Way (1993), and Ocean’s Thirteen (2007)

Alfred Ernest Ramsey in Ramsey, Sir Alf US English

(1920–99), English footballer and manager; full name Alfred Ernest Ramsey. He played as a defender for Southampton, Tottenham Hotspur, and England, and managed England from 1963 to 1974, winning the World Cup in 1966

Alfred Damon Runyon in Runyon, Damon US English

(1884–1946), US author and journalist; full name Alfred Damon Runyon. His short stories about New York City’s underworld characters are written in a highly individual style with much use of colorful slang. His collection Guys and Dolls (1932) formed the basis for the musical of the same name (1950)

James Alfred Wight in Herriot New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, James (1916–95), English writer and veterinary surgeon; pseudonym of James Alfred Wight


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