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Augustus US English

(63 bc-ad 14), the first Roman emperor; born Gaius Octavianus; also called Octavian. He was adopted in the will of his great-uncle Julius Caesar and gained supreme power by his defeat of Antony in 31 bc. In 27 bc he was given the title Augustus (“venerable”) and became in effect emperor

John, Augustus US English

(1878–1961), Welsh painter; full name Augustus Edwin John. Frequent subjects of his work are the Gypsies of Wales; he was also noted for his portraits of the wealthy and famous, particularly prominent writers. He was the brother of Gwen John

Pitt-Rivers, Augustus US English

(1827–1900), English archaeologist and anthropologist; full name Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers. He developed a new scientific approach to archaeology. His collection of weapons and artifacts from different cultures formed the basis of the ethnological museum in Oxford that bears his name

Saint-Gaudens, Augustus US English

(1848–1907), US sculptor; born in Ireland. He is best remembered for his coin designs and for his sculptures, such as “General Sherman on Horseback” (1903) at the corner of New York City’s Central Park

Juilliard, Augustus D. US English

(1840–1919), US merchant and patron of music. In 1920, his will created the Juilliard Musical Foundation, which became the Juilliard School of Music in 1926

Menninger, Karl Augustus US English

(1893–1990), US psychiatrist. With his father he cofounded the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas, 1920, where psychiatrists received training in psychoanalysis. In 1941, the Menninger Foundation, which he headed until 1990, was established

Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore US English

(1812–52), English architect, theorist, and designer. He believed that the Gothic style was the only proper architectural style because of its origins in medieval Christian society. He is known particularly for his work on the external detail and internal fittings for the Houses of Parliament, designed by Sir Charles Barry

Cumberland, Duke of US English

(1721–65), English military commander, third son of George II; born William Augustus. He gained great notoriety (and his nickname ‘the Butcher’) for the severity of his suppression of the Jacobite clans in the aftermath of his victory at the Battle of Culloden (1746)

Philip2 US English

Philip II (1165–1223), son of Louis VII; reigned 1180–1223; known as Philip Augustus. After mounting a series of campaigns against the English kings Henry II, Richard I, and John, Philip succeeded in regaining Normandy in 1204, Anjou in 1204, and most of Poitou in 1204–05

Philip Augustus in Philip2 US English

Philip II (1165–1223), son of Louis VII; reigned 1180–1223; known as Philip Augustus. After mounting a series of campaigns against the English kings Henry II, Richard I, and John, Philip succeeded in regaining Normandy in 1204, Anjou in 1204, and most of Poitou in 1204–05

William Augustus in Cumberland, Duke of US English

(1721–65), English military commander, third son of George II; born William Augustus. He gained great notoriety (and his nickname ‘the Butcher’) for the severity of his suppression of the Jacobite clans in the aftermath of his victory at the Battle of Culloden (1746)

Grafton, 3rd Duke of US English

(1735–1811), British Whig statesman, Prime Minister 1768–70; born Augustus Henry Fitzroy

George Augustus Moore in Moore, George US English

(1852–1933), Irish novelist; full name George Augustus Moore. Notable works: A Mummer’s Wife (1885) and Esther Waters (1894)

Augustus Edwin John in John, Augustus US English

(1878–1961), Welsh painter; full name Augustus Edwin John. Frequent subjects of his work are the Gypsies of Wales; he was also noted for his portraits of the wealthy and famous, particularly prominent writers. He was the brother of Gwen John

Charles Augustus Lindbergh in Lindbergh, Charles US English

(1902–74), US aviator; full name Charles Augustus Lindbergh. In 1927, he made the first solo transatlantic flight in a single-engined monoplane, Spirit of St. Louis. Known thereafter as “Lucky Lindy,” he moved to Europe with his wife, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, to escape the publicity surrounding the kidnapping and murder of their two-year-old son in 1932. He recounted his historic flight of 1927 in The Spirit of St. Louis (1953)

Augustus Henry Fitzroy in Grafton, 3rd Duke of US English

(1735–1811), British Whig statesman, Prime Minister 1768–70; born Augustus Henry Fitzroy

Titus Vespasianus Augustus in Titus1 US English

(Ad 39-81), Roman emperor 79-81; son of Vespasian; full name Titus Vespasianus Augustus; born Titus Flavius Vespasianus. In 70, he ended a revolt in Judaea with the conquest of Jerusalem

Douglass, Frederick US English

(1817–95), US abolitionist and writer; born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. He escaped from slavery in 1838 and became an anti-slavery lecturer. He established an anti-slavery newspaper North Star (1847–64) and published his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845, revised 1892)

Sir James Augustus Henry Murray in Murray, Sir James US English

(1837–1915), Scottish lexicographer; full name Sir James Augustus Henry Murray. He was chief editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, but did not live to see the work completed

Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Douglass, Frederick US English

(1817–95), US abolitionist and writer; born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. He escaped from slavery in 1838 and became an anti-slavery lecturer. He established an anti-slavery newspaper North Star (1847–64) and published his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845, revised 1892)

Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus in Tiberius US English

(42 bc-ad 37), Roman emperor ad 14-37; full name Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus

Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers in Pitt-Rivers, Augustus US English

(1827–1900), English archaeologist and anthropologist; full name Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers. He developed a new scientific approach to archaeology. His collection of weapons and artifacts from different cultures formed the basis of the ethnological museum in Oxford that bears his name

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus in Nero US English

(Ad 37-68), Roman emperor 54-68; full name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus. Infamous for his cruelty, he ordered the murder of his mother Agrippina in 59 and wantonly executed leading Romans. His reign witnessed a fire that destroyed half of Rome in 64. A wave of uprisings in 68 led to his flight from Rome and his eventual suicide

Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus in Caracalla US English

(188–217), Roman emperor 211–217; born Septimius Bassanius; later called Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus. In 212, he granted Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Roman Empire

Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus in Aurelius, Marcus US English

(121–80), Roman emperor 161–180; full name Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus. He was occupied for much of his reign with wars against invading Germanic tribes. His Meditations are evidence of his philosophical interest

Augustus New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(63 bc–ad 14), the first Roman emperor; born Gaius Octavius; also called (until 27 bc) Octavian

Augustus English-Spanish

Augusto

Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus in Tiberius New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(42 bc–ad 37), Roman emperor ad 14–37; Latin name Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus

Octavius renamed himself Augustus in rename English-Spanish

Octavio adoptó el nombre de Augusto

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus in Nero New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(ad 37–68), Roman emperor 54–68; Latin name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus