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B1 US English

The second letter of the alphabet

B2 US English

(Used in recording moves in chess) bishop

B in B1 US English

The seventh note of the diatonic scale of C major

B in boron US English

The chemical element of atomic number 5, a nonmetallic solid

b US English

Barn(s)

barn US English

A unit of area, 10-28 square meters, used especially in particle physics

b in barn2 US English

A unit of area, 10-28 square meters, used especially in particle physics

b in B1 US English

The second letter of the alphabet

boron US English

The chemical element of atomic number 5, a nonmetallic solid

b. in b US English

Born (used to indicate a date of birth)

B & B US English

Bed and breakfast

B & E US English

Breaking and entering

b/w US English

Black and white (used especially to describe printing, movies, photographs, or television pictures)

R & B US English

short for rhythm and blues.

b-boy US English

A young man involved with hip-hop culture

b-day US English

Short for birthday.

plan B US English

An alternative strategy

b-ball US English

Basketball

B cell US English

A lymphocyte not processed by the thymus gland, and responsible for producing antibodies

B-side US English

The less important side of a pop single record

B-tree US English

An organizational structure for information storage and retrieval in the form of a tree in which all terminal nodes are the same distance from the base, and all nonterminal nodes have between n and 2n subtrees or pointers (where n is an integer)

Type B US English

A personality type characterized as easygoing and thought to have low susceptibility to stress

B-movie US English

A low-budget movie, especially (formerly) one made for use as a companion to the main attraction in a double feature

B-school US English

Business school

B-picture US English

Another term for B-movie.

vitamin B US English

Any of a group of substances (the vitamin B complex) that are essential for the working of certain enzymes in the body and, although not chemically related, are generally found together in the same foods. They include thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)

Zyklon B US English

Hydrogen cyanide adsorbed on or released from a carrier in the form of small tablets, used as an insecticidal fumigant and by the Nazis for killing concentration-camp prisoners

Linear B US English

A form of Bronze Age writing discovered on tablets in Crete, dating from circa 1400 to 1200 bc. In 1952, it was shown to be a syllabic script composed of linear signs, derived from Linear A and older Minoan scripts, representing a form of Mycenaean Greek

King, B. B. US English

(1925-), US blues singer and guitarist; born Riley B. King. An established blues performer, he came to the notice of a wider audience in the late 1960s, when his style of guitar playing was imitated by rock musicians

hepatitis B US English

A severe form of viral hepatitis transmitted in infected blood, causing fever, debility, and jaundice

B'nai B'rith US English

A Jewish organization founded in New York in 1843. It pursues educational, humanitarian, and cultural activities and attempts to safeguard the rights and interests of Jews around the world

B lymphocyte US English

Another term for B cell.

Lag b'Omer US English

A Jewish festival held on the 33rd day of the Omer (the period between Passover and Pentecost), traditionally regarded as celebrating the end of a plague in the 2nd century

White, E. B. US English

(1899–1985), US writer; full name Elwyn Brooks White. He was a chief contributor to The New Yorker magazine from 1926 and Harper’s magazine 1938–43 and the author of the children’s classics Stuart Little (1945), Charlotte’s Web (1952), and The Trumpet of the Swan (1970). White is also known for his 1959 revision of William Strunk Jr’s. The Elements of Style

plan B in B1 US English

An alternative strategy

from A to B US English

From one’s starting point to one’s destination

Bennett, R. B. US English

(1870–1947), Canadian Conservative statesman; prime minister 1930–35; full name Richard Bedford Bennett

Skinner, B. F. US English

(1904–90), US behaviorist psychologist; full name Burrhus Frederic Skinner. He promoted the view that the proper aim of psychology should be to predict behavior and hence be able to control it. He applied the results of his studies to the development of programmed learning and to educational practice

Anthony, Susan B. US English

(1820–1906), US social reformer and leader of the woman suffrage movement.; full name Susan Brownell Anthony. She traveled, lectured, and campaigned throughout her life for women’s rights. With Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she organized the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869. With Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage, she compiled the History of Woman Suffrage (1881–1902)

Brady, Mathew B. US English

(Circa 1823–96) US photographer. The publication of his Gallery of Illustrious Americans (1850) established him as a leading US photographer, and his photographs of the Union armies taken during the Civil War became the basis for his National Photographic Collection

Priestley, J. B. US English

(1894–1984), English novelist, playwright, and critic; full name John Boynton Priestley. Notable works: The Good Companions (novel, 1929), Time and the Conways (play, 1937), and An Inspector Calls (play, 1947)

Toklas, Alice B. US English

(1877–1967), US writer; full name Alice Babette Toklas. She was a companion and secretary to Gertrude Stein. A collection of her letters, Staying on Alone (1973) was published posthumously

b/f in b.f. US English

(In bookkeeping) brought forward

B/F in b.f. US English

(In bookkeeping) brought forward

B's in B1 US English

The second letter of the alphabet

Mayer, Louis B. US English

(1885–1957), US movie executive, born in Russia; full name Louis Burt Mayer; born Eliezer Mayer. He headed the MGM movie company from its formation in1924 until 1951

rhythm and blues US English

A form of popular music of African-American origin that arose during the 1940s from blues, with the addition of driving rhythms taken from jazz. It was an immediate precursor of rock and roll

R & B in rhythm and blues US English

A form of popular music of African-American origin that arose during the 1940s from blues, with the addition of driving rhythms taken from jazz. It was an immediate precursor of rock and roll

De Mille, Cecil B. US English

(1881–1959), US movie producer and director, noted for his spectacular epics; full name Cecil Blount De Mille. He founded the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company (later Paramount) with Samuel Goldwyn in 1913 and chose the then little-known Los Angeles suburb of Hollywood as a location for their first movie, The Squaw Man (1914). Other notable movies: The Ten Commandments (1923; remade 1956) and Samson and Delilah (1949)

Haldane, J. B. S. US English

(1892–1964), Scottish mathematical biologist; full name John Burdon Sanderson Haldane. As well as contributing to the development of population genetics, Haldane became well known as a popularizer of science and as an outspoken Marxist


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