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DI US English

Drill instructor

di-2 US English

Variant spelling of dis- before l, m, n, r, s (followed by a consonant), and v; also often before g, and sometimes before j.

di-3 US English

Variant spelling of dia- before a vowel (as in dielectric).

di-1 US English

Twice; two-; double

dia- US English

Through; across

di- in dia- US English

Through; across

Reggio di Calabria US English

A port at the southern tip of the “toe” of Italy, on the Strait of Messina, capital of Calabria region; population 185,621 (2008)

la-di-da US English

Pretentious or snobbish, especially in manner or speech

la-di-da US Thesaurus

Bernice and her la-di-da friends

Capo di Monte US English

A type of porcelain first produced at the Capo di Monte palace near Naples in the mid 18th century, generally white with richly coloured rococo decoration

messa di voce US English

A gradual crescendo and diminuendo on a sustained note, especially in singing.

Monte di Pietà US English

In Italy: a Church or State-funded lending house or pawnshop; = Mount of Piety.

capo di tutti capi US English

A person who runs every branch of the Mafia in a region.

Di Stefano, Alfredo US English

(1926–2014), Argentinian-born Spanish footballer. He played as a forward in Argentina and Colombia, then for Spain and Real Madrid, with whom he won the European Cup in each of its first five seasons (1956–60)

maestro di cappella US English

In Italy: the chief musician at a chapel; a choirmaster.

Lampedusa, Giuseppe Tomasi di US English

(1896–1957), Italian novelist. His only novel Il Gattopardo (The Leopard) was originally rejected by publishers but won worldwide acclaim on its posthumous publication in 1958

tri-D US English

= tri-dimensional; with capital initial, a trademark in the U.S. for a range of computer equipment.

har de har US English

Representing laughter, chiefly used sarcastically as a mirthless or disparaging response to a remark intended to be funny or witty. Also as noun and attributive.

lah-di-dah in la-di-da US English

Pretentious or snobbish, especially in manner or speech

disubstituted US English

(Of a molecule) having two substituent groups

Lassus, Orlande de US English

(Circa 1532–94), Flemish composer; Italian name Orlando di Lasso. He wrote over 2,000 secular and sacred works

Paolo di Dono in Uccello, Paolo US English

(Circa 1397–1475), Italian painter; born Paolo di Dono. His paintings are associated with the early use of perspective and include The Rout of San Romano (circa 1454-7) and A Hunt in a Forest (after 1460), one of the earliest known paintings on canvas

Guido di Pietro in Angelico, Fra US English

(Circa 1400–55), Italian painter and Dominican friar; born Guido di Pietro; monastic name Fra Giovanni da Fiesole. Notable works: the frescos in the convent of San Marco, Florence (circa 1438–47)

Andrea di Cione in Orcagna US English

(Circa 1308–68), Italian painter, sculptor, and architect; born Andrea di Cione. His paintings include frescoes and an altarpiece in the church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence (1357)

Agnolo di Cosimo in Bronzino, Agnolo US English

(1503–72), Italian painter; born Agnolo di Cosimo

Giotto di Bondone in Giotto1 US English

(Circa 1267–1337), Italian painter; full name Giotto di Bondone. He introduced a naturalistic style showing human expression. His name is associated with the legend of “Giotto’s O,” in which he is said to have proven his mastery to the pope by drawing a perfect circle freehand. His works include the frescoes in the Arena Chapel in Padua (1305–08) and the church of Santa Croce in Florence (circa 1320)

Orlando di Lasso in Lassus, Orlande de US English

(Circa 1532–94), Flemish composer; Italian name Orlando di Lasso. He wrote over 2,000 secular and sacred works

Lido di Malamocco in Lido US English

An island reef off the coast of northeastern Italy, in the northern Adriatic. It separates the Lagoon of Venice from the Gulf of Venice. Full name Lido di Malamocco

Giovanni di Fidanza in Bonaventura, St. US English

(1221–74), Franciscan theologian; born Giovanni di Fidanza; known as the Seraphic Doctor. He wrote the official biography of St. Francis. Feast day, July 15 (formerly 14)

Duccio di Buoninsegna in Duccio US English

(Circa 1255-circa 1320), Italian painter, founder of the Sienese school of painting; full name Duccio di Buoninsegna. The only fully documented surviving work by him is the Maestà for the high altar of Siena cathedral (completed 1311)

Donato di Betto Bardi in Donatello US English

(1386–1466), Italian sculptor; born Donato di Betto Bardi. He was one of the pioneers of scientific perspective and is known for his lifelike sculptures, including the bronze David (circa 1430–60)

Giovanni di Bernardone in Francis of Assisi, St. US English

(Circa 1181–1226), Italian monk; founder of the Franciscan order 1209; born Giovanni di Bernardone. He drew up the original rule, based on complete poverty, of the Franciscan order. He is the patron saint of animals. Feast day, October 4

Michelozzo di Bartolommeo in Michelozzo US English

(1396–1472), Italian architect and sculptor; full name Michelozzo di Bartolommeo. In partnership with Ghiberti and Donatello, he led a revival of interest in Roman architecture

Donato di Angelo Bramante in Bramante, Donato US English

(1444–1514), Italian architect; full name Donato di Angelo Bramante. He drew up the first plan for St. Peter’s Cathedral, which was begun in 1506, and established the concept of a huge central dome

Filippo di Ser Brunellesco in Brunelleschi, Filippo US English

(1377–1446), Italian architect; born Filippo di Ser Brunellesco. He is noted for the dome of Florence Cathedral (1420–61), which he raised without the use of temporary supports

Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi in Botticelli, Sandro US English

(1445–1510), Italian painter; born Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi. He is noted for his mythological works, such as Primavera (circa 1478) and The Birth of Venus (circa 1480)

Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi in Ghirlandaio US English

(Circa 1448–94), Italian painter; born Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi. He is noted for his religious frescoes, particularly Christ Calling Peter and Andrew (1482–84) in the Sistine Chapel in Rome

Tommaso Giovanni di Simone Guidi in Masaccio US English

(1401–28), Italian painter; born Tommaso Giovanni di Simone Guidi. The first artist to apply the laws of perspective to painting, he is known particularly for his frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel in Florence (1424–27)

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli in Machiavelli, Niccolò US English

(1469–1527), Italian statesman and political philosopher; full name Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli. His The Prince (1532) advises rulers that the acquisition and effective use of power may necessitate unethical methods

Rodolfo Guglielmi di Valentina d’Antonguolla in Valentino, Rudolph US English

(1895–1926), US actor, born in Italy; born Rodolfo Guglielmi di Valentina d’Antonguolla. He played the romantic hero in silent movies such as The Sheikh (1921) and Blood and Sand (1922)

Don Luchino Visconti, Conte di Modrone in Visconti, Luchino US English

(1906–76), Italian movie and theater director; full name Don Luchino Visconti, Conte di Modrone. His movies include Obsession (1943), The Leopard (1963), and Death in Venice (1971)