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Mary1 US English

Mother of Jesus; known as the (Blessed) Virgin Mary, or St. Mary, or Our Lady. According to the Gospels, she was a virgin betrothed to Joseph and conceived Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit. She has been venerated by Catholic and Orthodox Churches from earliest Christian times. Feast days, January 1 (Roman Catholic Church), March 25 (Annunciation), August 15 (Assumption), September 8 (Nativity), December 8 (Immaculate Conception)

Mary2 US English

The name of two queens of England

Mary3 US English

An Aboriginal woman

Mary1 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

, mother of Jesus; known as the (Blessed) Virgin Mary or St Mary

Mary2 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

(1516–58), queen of England 1553–8; known as Mary Tudor or Bloody Mary

Mary, Queen of Scots US English

(1542–87), daughter of James V; queen of Scotland 1542–67; queen consort of France 1559–60 as the wife of Francis II; known as Mary Stuart. A devout Catholic, she was unable to control her Protestant lords and fled from Scotland to England in 1567. She became the focus of several Catholic plots against Elizabeth I and was eventually beheaded. Her son James VI of Scotland became James I of England

Mariolatry New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

idolatrous worship of the Virgin Mary

Mariology New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

theology dealing with the Virgin Mary

Mary in Lamb, Charles US English

(1775–1834), English essayist and critic. The author of Essays of Elia (1823), he wrote Tales from Shakespeare (1807) with his sister Mary (1764–1847)

Mary in Typhoid Mary US English

A transmitter of undesirable opinions, sentiments, or attitudes

Hail Mary US English

A prayer to the Virgin Mary used chiefly by Roman Catholics, beginning with part of Luke 1:28

Mary, St. US English

See Mary.

Mary Jane US English

A flat, round-toed shoe for women and girls, with a single strap across the top

Mary Rose US English

A heavily armed ship, built for Henry VIII, that in 1545 sank with the loss of nearly all her company when going out to engage the French fleet off Portsmouth. The hull was raised in 1982

Webb, Mary US English

(1881–1927), English novelist; full name Gladys Mary Webb. Her novels, such as Gone to Earth (1917) and Precious Bane (1924), are representative of much regional English fiction popular at the beginning of the century

Bloody Mary1 US English

The nickname of Mary I of England (see Mary)

Bloody Mary2 US English

A drink consisting of vodka and seasoned tomato juice

Mallon, Mary US English

(C.1870–1938) US cook; born in Ireland; known as Typhoid Mary. Immune to typhoid herself, she spread the disease while working in New York City. She was institutionalized for life from 1914 to protect others

Martin, Mary US English

(1913–90), US actress and singer; full name Mary Virginia Martin. She starred in the Broadway musicals South Pacific (1949), Peter Pan (1954), and The Sound of Music (1959)

Mary Tudor US English

, Mary I of England (see Mary).

muscle Mary US English

A homosexual man who has prominent, well-developed muscles

Quant, Mary US English

(1934-), English fashion designer. She launched the miniskirt in 1966 and promoted bold colors and geometric designs. She was also one of the first to design for the ready-to-wear market

Stuart, Mary US English

See Mary, Queen of Scots.

Tudor, Mary US English

, Mary I of England (see Mary).

Virgin Mary US English

The mother of Jesus (see Mary).

Bloody Mary2 New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

drink of vodka and tomato juice

blue-eyed Mary US English

A low-growing plant of the borage family that bears bright blue flowers and spreads by means of runners

Cassatt, Mary US English

(1844–1926), US painter. Known for her draftsmanship, etching, and dry-point studies, she was persuaded by Edgar Degas to exhibit with the impressionists. She worked mostly in Paris, and her paintings, including Lady at the Tea Table (1885), display a close interest in everyday subject matter

McAleese, Mary US English

(B.1951), Irish stateswoman, President 1997–2011; full name Mary Patricia McAleese

McCarthy, Mary US English

(1912–89), US novelist and critic; full name Mary Therese McCarthy. Her novels are satirical social commentaries that draw on her experience with intellectual circles and academic life. Notable novels: The Groves of Academe (1952) and The Group (1963)

Mary Celeste US English

An American cargo ship that was found adrift in the North Atlantic in December 1872 in perfect condition but abandoned. The fate of the crew and the reason for the abandonment of the ship remain a mystery

Pickford, Mary US English

(1893–1979), US actress, born in Canada; born Gladys Mary Smith. A star of silent movies, she usually played the innocent young heroine, as in Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1917) and Pollyanna (1920). With Douglas Fairbanks, her husband from 1919 to 1936, she was a cofounder of United Artists in 1919

Renault, Mary US English

(1905–83), British novelist; resident in South Africa from 1948; pseudonym of Mary Challans. She wrote historical novels set in the ancient world, notably a trilogy dealing with Alexander the Great (1970–81)

Robinson, Mary US English

(1944-), Irish stateswoman; president 1990–1997; full name Mary Terese Winifred Robinson. She was Ireland’s first woman president, noted for her platform of religious toleration and her liberal attitude, and served as the UN high commissioner for human rights 1997–2002

Shelley, Mary US English

(1797–1851), English writer; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft; full name Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. She eloped with Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1814 and married him in 1816. She is chiefly remembered as the author of the Gothic novel Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1818)

Typhoid Mary US English

A transmitter of undesirable opinions, sentiments, or attitudes

Mary Celeste New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

abandoned ship found in the North Atlantic

Mary, Queen of Scots New Oxford Dictionary for Writers & Editors

queen of Scotland 1542–67; also known as Mary Stuart

Buss, Frances Mary US English

(1827–94), English educationist. She was in charge of the North London Collegiate School for Ladies (1850–94) and campaigned for higher education for women with her friend Dorothea Beale

Eddy, Mary Baker US English

(1821–1910), US religious leader; founder of the Christian Science movement. Long a victim of various ailments, she believed herself cured by a faith healer, Phineas Quimby (1802–1866), and later evolved her own system of spiritual healing

Evans, Mary Ann US English

See Eliot, George.

Lyon, Mary Mason US English

(1797–1849), US educator. She founded Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (later Mount Holyoke College) in South Hadley, Massachusetts, in 1837 and served as its first president 1837–49

Moore, Mary Tyler US English

(1936-), US actress. She starred in the television series The Dick Van Dyke Show 1961–66 and in The Mary Tyler Moore Show 1970–77. She also acted on Broadway and in movies such as Ordinary People (1980)

Wollstonecraft, Mary US English

(1759–97), English writer and feminist. Her A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) defied assumptions about male supremacy and championed educational equality for women. In 1797 she married William Godwin and died shortly after giving birth to their daughter Mary Shelley

Bethune, Mary McLeod US English

(1875–1955), US educator; full name Mary Jane McLeod Bethune. In 1904, she founded the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls, which, with the Cookman Institute, became Bethune-Cookman College in 1923. Bethune was founder and first president 1935–49 of the National Council of Negro Women

Blessed Virgin Mary US English

A title given to Mary, the mother of Jesus

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